0

pH ADJUST COFFEE – MAKE ALKALINE COFFEE

Fred Liers PhD pH Adjust coffeeToday I show how to use pH ADJUST Alkalinizing Formula to make coffee alkaline. When pH Adjust is added to coffee, it rapidly changes from an acidic pH level to an alkaline pH level.

When you drink alkaline coffee, you are helping your body keep the healthy pH level of 7.34–7.45 it strives to maintain. Moreover, by changing to an alkaline state from an acidic state, you avoid health issues known to be associated with acidosis or ongoing, highly acidic pH levels.

pH ADJUST makes an already health-giving beverage into an alkaline-forming powerhouse supporting your best heath and brain performance. pH Adjust also effectively increases pH when used in water, juices, smoothies, or your favorite beverage.

pH ADJUST works by providing key minerals potassium (bicarbonate and glycinate) and magnesium (carbonate), as well as some sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) that act synergistically to boost pH levels in the body. HPDI recommends users measure pH using litmus paper to accurately test their pH levels.

Ideally your body pH is 7.35–7.45. Coffee itself is typically acidic with pH levels of about 5.0 to 6.0. pH Adjust therefore is an ideal supplement for adding into coffee to increase the pH of the coffee you drink and thereby increase your pH levels.

WHAT IS pH ADJUST?

pH ADJUST is an alkalinizing formula (powder) that is designed to increase pH levels in the body rapidly and effectively for good health.

Here is how we describe pH ADJUST on the label: “Alkalinizing Formula, 250 gm – Alkalinize with Potassium Bicarbonate, Magnesium Carbonate, Potassium Glycinate, and Sodium Bicarbonate”

pH ADJUST Features and Benefits

• Alkalinize with Potassium and Sodium Bicarbonate and Magnesium Carbonate

• Helps Counteract Overly Acidic Conditions; Increases pH Levels in the Body

• Balanced Supplemental Minerals; Unique 3:1 Potassium to Sodium Ratio Improves Taste and Reduces Salt Intake

• Tastes Good – Easy to Use Fluffy Powder

• 250 One-Gram Servings Per Container (250 grams)

• Suitable for Vegetarians & Vegans; Gluten-Free

pH ADJUST may be used to assist in overly acidic conditions in the digestive tract, blood, and kidneys; increase salivary and urinary pH to healthy levels; and to supplement the body with the minerals potassium, magnesium, and sodium.

INGREDIENTS: pH ADJUST contains (in powder form): potassium bicarbonate, magnesium carbonate, potassium glycinate, and sodium bicarbonate.

Each one gram serving (about ¼ tsp) contains about 300 mg of bicarbonate, 260 mg of carbonate, 133.4 mg of potassium ((from KHCO3 & glycinate), 99.1 mg of magnesium (from MgCO3), 48.1 mg of sodium (from NaHCO3) and 100 mg of glycine.

DIRECTIONS: As a dietary supplement, take ¼ tsp in 4–8 ounces of purified water preferably away from food, or as directed by a health care professional. For extremely acidic conditions, try 4–10 doses per day, depending on acidity level. Use pH paper to ensure pH levels remain balanced, and do not become too alkaline (alkalosis may occur above pH 8.2).

TEST pH LEVELS: The best way to test pH levels is to use litmus paper, which HPDI offers in rolls (Hydrion brand) for this purpose. You can test both salivary and urinary pH. Advantages of pH paper include rapid results, ease of use, and cost effectiveness.

MORE INFORMATION ABOUT pH ADJUST

pH ADJUST is fluffy white powder that mixes into water, juices, other liquids, and foods. It acts rapidly to raise pH levels in the body. It is easy to use, mild-tasting, and highly effective for balancing pH levels. It is gluten-free, non-GMO, vegan/vegetarian, and contains no artificial ingredients.

NUTRITIONAL CONSIDERATIONS AND APPLICATIONS

The minerals potassium, sodium, and magnesium are key substances that are involved in many important functions in the body. When combined in bicarbonates (potassium & sodium), carbonates (magnesium), and glycinate (potassium) these chemicals can help to adjust and balance pH levels that are crucial to body function.

pH ADJUST provides a 3:1 ratio of potassium to sodium. This ratio keeps potassium levels relatively high with respect to sodium. The processed food diets with a high protein and low vegetable content consumed by many people in the US and elsewhere produce conditions in the body of acidity. This in turn leads to decreased oxygenation of our cells and a greater amount of anaerobic processes in metabolism. This, in turn, leads in inadequate ATP (energy) production and the presence of unwelcome anaerobic cells and organisms.

BICARBONATE

Bicarbonate is a major element in our body. Secreted by the stomach, it is necessary for digestion. When ingested, for example, with mineral water, it helps buffer lactic acid generated during exercise and additionally reduces the acidity of dietary components. Additionally, it has a preventive effect on dental cavities. Each ¼ tsp of pH ADJUST contains about 300 mg of bicarbonate.

Bicarbonate is present in all body fluids and organs and plays a major role in the acid-base balances in the human body. The first organ where food, beverages and water stay in our body is the stomach. The mucus membrane of the human stomach has 30 million glands which produce gastric juice containing not only acids, but also bicarbonate. The flow of bicarbonate in the stomach amounts from about 24 mg/hr for a basal output to about 73 mg/hr for a maximal output.

Thus, at least half a gram of bicarbonate is secreted daily in our stomach. This rate of gastric bicarbonate secretion is 2–10% of the maximum rate of acid secretion. In the stomach, bicarbonate participates in a mucus-bicarbonate barrier regarded as the first line of the protective and repair mechanisms. On neutralization by acid, carbon dioxide is produced from bicarbonate.

One serving (about ¼ tsp) of pH ADJUST contains about 300 mg of bicarbonate.

CARBONATE

pH ADJUST contains about 260 mg of carbonate (and 99 mg of Mg) in the form of magnesium carbonate. Magnesium carbonate is used as an antacid that gets converted to Magnesium Chloride (MgCl) and CO2 by stomach acid. MgCl is a well absorbed form of magnesium.

TRY pH ADJUST IN YOUR COFFEE

We strongly recommend trying pH Adjust in your coffee (or ketogenic coffee) to help alkalinize the body rapidly. Many people gain major benefits from drinking this simple, easy-to-use formula that is highly effective for raising pH levels. Beyond coffee, it works well in other drinks! Like water, teas, juices, or smoothies. Try pH Adjust and see how effectively it can alkalinize you.

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

BUY pH ADJUST: http://www.integratedhealth.com/ph-adjust.html

pH Test Paper (Hydrion): http://www.integratedhealth.com/ph-paper.html

YOUTUBE VIDEOS

KETO COFFEE VIDEO: https://youtu.be/yzyVbFD_JVA
“How to Make Keto Coffee with pH Adjust – Alkalinizing Coffee”

HOW TO USE PH ADJUST ALKALINIZING FORMULA: https://youtu.be/kuP2BuvMSXA

HOW TO MAKE LEMONADE AND USE pH ADJUST: https://youtu.be/deF7BZcFtEs

BLOG ARTICLES

Alkalizine with Lemonade Diet and pH Adjust

Got Potassium?

Racing and Recovery with pH Adjust Alkalinizing Formula

Alkalinize Rapidly Using pH Adjust

pH Adjust Alkalinizing Formula – New Product!

BOOKS & ARTICLES

Acid-alkaline balance: role in chronic disease and detoxification
(Altern Ther Health Med, 13(4):62-5)

Acid & Alkaline by Herman Aihara

Bicarb Magical Mineral Supplement by Dr. Mark Sircus, Ac, OMD

REFERENCE

The Acid Alkaline Food Guide
by Dr. Susan Brown and Larry Trieviei, Jr.

Potassium Intake of the US Population (PDF)
(NHANES Food Surveys Research Group, USDA)

Potassium: Health Benefits, Recommended Intake

List of acid-forming and alkaline forming foods

0

REJUVENATE! BERRIES & HERBS – SUPERFOOD FORMULA UPDATED

Dr. Hank Liers, PhD Rejuvenate! Berries & Herbs superfoodToday I talk about my REJUVENATE!™ BERRIES & HERBS high-RNA superfood. I designed it to be a super-delicious, intensely berry flavored superfood with no greens. I put in real organic berries—BLUEBERRY, STRAWBERRY, RASPBERRY, and CRANBERRY—so it bursts with true berry flavors! I recently updated the formula, so it is is more delicious and nutritious than ever.

REJUVENATE! BERRIES & HERBS – A COMPLETE SUPERFOOD

Rejuvenate! Berries & Herbs is a delicious high-RNA (390 mg), high-protein (14.6 g) (organic pea and organic rice), high-antioxidant (ORAC value of 14,000+), high fiber (13 g) superfood with a creamy smoothness and rich berry flavor that tastes beyond great! It also boosts health with a complete multivitamin-multimineral sub-formula and important cell-protective herbs (herbal complex) that includes ginger, dandelion, burdock, turmeric, green tea extract, astragalus, and many other health-building herbs.

How to use Rejuvenate! Berries & Herbs? Just mix in water, juices, nut milks, or smoothies to create a drink with superb health benefits. Or use it creatively in foods, such as nut butters, salads, fruits, sauce/dressings, or desserts. It tastes so good, some people like to eat it by itself—or mixed in a little purified water.

rejuvenate berries herbs

HEALTHY AND HIGH-RNA BY DESIGN

Rejuvenate! Berries & Herbs is among HPDI’s premier high-RNA superfoods. That is, Rejuvenate! Berries & Herbs is one of three Rejuvenate! superfoods, which are the world’s first—and only—dedicated high-RNA superfoods. High-RNA nutrition means high in dietary nucleic acids, which Dr. Benjamin S. Frank considers to be essential nutrients, like vitamins and minerals (Dietary Nucleic Acid Nutrition & Therapy). Dr. Frank’s studies demonstrate many benefits of nucleic acids, including: greater energy, endurance, functional strength, easier breathing (anti-anoxic effect), as well as cardiovascular benefits and cosmetic benefits (smoother skin and a more youthful appearance).

Highlights of Rejuvenate! Berries & Herbs:

• Delicious Berry Flavor Bursts with Real Organic Berries!
• Powerful Organic and Wildcrafted Cell-Protective Herbs
• High ORAC Value (~14,270 units)
• 390 mg Dietary Nucleic Acids (RNA/DNA) from Vegetarian Sources
• Multiple Prebiotics Supporting your Microbiome
• Gluten Free, Vegan/Vegetarian, No Artificial Ingredients
• Mixes Well with other Rejuvenate!™ Superfoods

My updated formula (as of 12/2018) features, per serving:

– 2.6 g more protein (14.6 g total)
– Very little sugar (1.2 g total)
– 7.0 g more fiber (13 g total)
– 100 mg of organic BiAloe® aloe vera gel powder with over 18% acemannan
– 700 mcg of folate as 5-MTHF (natural, coenzyme folate)
– A smooth & delicious taste (even better than before!)

Given all the upgrades I recently made to the formula, I certainly hope you will give it a try. I’m so happy with it, and I use it daily. Berries & Herbs hardly feels (or tastes!) like a nutritional supplement. But believe me, there are few superfoods anywhere that provide as much nutrition—or nutrient density!

HIGHEST QUALITY INGREDIENTS – INCLUDING ORGANIC AND WILDCRAFTED

To give you a better idea of the high-quality ingredients I put into Rejuvenate! Berries & Herbs, check out this complete list of ingredients:

INGREDIENTS: REJUVENATE! BERRIES & HERBS contains: pea protein*, rice protein*, flax seed powder*, rice bran solubles, d-ribose, cranberry powder*, blueberry powder*, raspberry powder*, strawberry powder*, nutritional yeast, sunflower lecithin, inulin (from chicory root), broccoli sprouts powder*, mannitol, xylitol* (from hardwood), magnesium malate, VitaBerry® Plus† (from freeze dried wild blueberry, cranberry, raspberry, strawberry, prune, cherry, wild bilberry, whole grape powders, resveratrol, and quercetin), l-lysine hydrochloride, mixed berry flavoring* (on gum acacia), vanilla flavoring* (on gum acacia), RNA (from yeast), magnesium ascorbate, chlorella growth factor (CGF), burdock root powder*, astragalus powder*, turmeric root powder*, ginger root powder*, digestive multienzyme complex, choline bitartrate, malic acid, dulse*, kelp*, aloe vera* (BiAloe® concentrate), n-acetyl-l-cysteine, rutin, milk thistle extract, green tea extract, licorice root powder*, dandelion root powder*, rhodolia extract, inositol, biotin, stevia leaf extract, alpha lipoic acid, d-alpha tocopheryl succinate, niacinamide (Vit. B3), whole grape extract, high-gamma mixed tocopherols, phylloquinone (Vit. K1), immune assist mushroom extract, pantothenic acid, resveratrol, methylcobalamin (Vit. B12), pyridoxal-5’-phospate (Vit. B6), thiamin diphosphate (Vit. B1), riboflavin-5’-phosphate (Vit. B2), l-selenomethionone, cholecalciferol (Vit. D3), and calcium L-5-methyltetrahydrofolate.

*Organic ingredient
†VitaBerry Plus® is a registered trademark of VDF Futureceuticals, Inc.

Rejuvenate berries and herbs nutrition facts table

Rejuvenate! Berries & Herbs is available from Health Products Distributors, Inc.:

Try Rejuvenate! Berries & Herbs  (organic and wildcrafted berries & herbs)

You may also like: Rejuvenate! PLUS (light, sweet green superfood)

There are three Rejuvenate! superfoods. Which one is best for you? See our Rejuvenate!™ comparison page.

BLOG ARTICLE:

TASTY SMOOTHIE WITH REJUVENATE! BERRIES & HERBS by Fred Liers

0

TASTY SMOOTHIE WITH REJUVENATE! BERRIES & HERBS

Fred Liers PhD rejuvenate! berries & herbsToday I make a tasty smoothie with the new, improved REJUVENATE!™ BERRIES & HERBS superfood. In fact, Rejuvenate! Berries & Herbs is likely the most delicious among HPDI’s Rejuvenate! superfoods, as it contains for types of real organic berries: Blueberries, Strawberries, Raspberries, and Cranberries. This uber-berry superfood was born for smoothies.

Rejuvenate! Berries & Herbs is a uniquely healthy superfood that not only tastes amazingly good, but its high berry content gives it an ultra-high antioxidant value (ORAC) of 14,270 units per serving—an exceedingly high ORAC value compared to typical “superfood” formulas.

Rejuvenate! Berries & Herbs provides 14.6 gm of organic protein (including organic pea and organic rice). It includes a potent cell-protective herbal complex (including green tea extract, ginger, turmeric, astragalus, burdock, dandelion, and rhodiola). In addition, it contains a built-in multivitamin sub-formula including coenzyme vitamins and other highly assimilable forms of important micronutrients.

I especially love Rejuvenate! Berries & Herbs because my father Dr. Hank Liers formulated it to provide the most dietary nucleic acids per serving—390 mg (dietary RNA/DNA)—the most per serving in any Rejuvenate! superfood. Sources of dietary nucleic acids in Rejuvenate! Berries & Herbs include nutritional yeast, yeast extracts, and CGF (chlorella growth factor).

Dietary nucleic acids are proven to provide significant benefits for health. Studies by pioneering nucleic acid researcher Benjamin S. Frank, MD, PhD indicate effects such as greater endurance, easier breathing (anti-anoxic effect), increased energy (ATP production), improved functional strength, warmer body temperature (e.g., cold resistance), and other effects. Dr. Frank asserts that dietary nucleic acids are essential nutrients, not unlike vitamins and minerals (Dietary Nucleic Acid Nutrition & Therapy).

rejuvenate berries & herbs

Considering all the benefits conferred by dietary nucleic acids, you really cannot go wrong by consuming more of them daily. And Rejuvenate! Berries & Herbs helps you do that by providing nearly 400 mg of dietary RNA/DNA per serving. That is a therapeutic dose which means you stand to gain all the benefits they confer. Depending on who you are and your health status, that could mean a lot in terms of helping you be healthier.

In sum, Rejuvenate! Berries & Herbs uniquely offers: 1) High RNA (dietary nucleic acids), 2) High Antioxidant Levels, 3) Herbal Sub-Formula, 4) High Protein, 5) Built-in Multivitamin, and 6) SUPER TASTE—that is super delicious in your superfood smoothies.

You just cannot get all these benefits in ANY other superfood, including other Rejuvenate! superfoods, each of which is formulated with a specific purpose. For example, Rejuvenate! PLUS is designed to provide significant levels of greens (think chlorella and spirulina), but lacks berries. Within its berry bailiwick, Rejuvenate! Berries & Herbs truly stands alone as one-of-a-kind.

REJUVENATE! BERRIES & HERBS highlights:

• Delicious Berry Flavor Bursts with Real Organic Berries (blueberries, strawberries, raspberries, cranberries)!
• Powerful Organic and Wildcrafted Cell-Protective Herbs
• High Antioxidant (ORAC) Value of 14,270 units per serving!
• Contains Multiple Prebiotics Supporting Your Microbiome
• Suitable for Vegetarians and Vegans & Gluten Free
• Mixes Well with other Rejuvenate!™ superfoods (like Rejuvenate! PLUS and Rejuvenate! Original Greens) and smoothie ingredients.

New, improved REJUVENATE! Berries & Herbs features (per serving):
• 14.6 g protein
• Very little sugar (1.2 g total)
• 7.0 g more fiber (13 g total)
• 100 mg of organic BiAloe® aloe vera gel powder with over 18% acemannan
• 700 mcg of folate as 5-MTHF
• Smooth texture & delicious taste!

There you have it. If you’re anything like me—and you love the taste of real, organic berries—consider Rejuvenate! Berries & Herbs to be your greatest ally when it comes it to tasty and healthy superfood nutrition. Make yourself a Berries & Herbs smoothie, and start creating health naturally today! ~

REJUVENATE! BERRIES & HERBS DETAILS

INGREDIENTS: REJUVENATE! BERRIES & HERBS contains: pea protein*, rice protein*, flax seed powder*, rice bran solubles, d-ribose, cranberry powder*, blueberry powder*, raspberry powder*, strawberry powder*, nutritional yeast, sunflower lecithin, inulin (from chicory root), broccoli sprouts powder*, mannitol, xylitol* (from hardwood), magnesium malate, VitaBerry® Plus† (from freeze dried wild blueberry, cranberry, raspberry, strawberry, prune, cherry, wild bilberry, whole grape powders, resveratrol, and quercetin), l-lysine hydrochloride, mixed berry flavoring* (on gum acacia), vanilla flavoring* (on gum acacia), RNA (from yeast), magnesium ascorbate, chlorella growth factor (CGF), burdock root powder*, astragalus powder*, turmeric root powder*, ginger root powder*, digestive multienzyme complex, choline bitartrate, malic acid, dulse*, kelp*, aloe vera* (BiAloe® concentrate), n-acetyl-l-cysteine, rutin, milk thistle extract, green tea extract, licorice root powder*, dandelion root powder*, rhodolia extract, inositol, biotin, stevia leaf extract, alpha lipoic acid, d-alpha tocopheryl succinate, niacinamide (Vit. B3), whole grape extract, high-gamma mixed tocopherols, phylloquinone (Vit. K1), immune assist mushroom extract, pantothenic acid, resveratrol, methylcobalamin (Vit. B12), pyridoxal-5’-phospate (Vit. B6), thiamin diphosphate (Vit. B1), riboflavin-5’-phosphate (Vit. B2), l-selenomethionone, cholecalciferol (Vit. D3), and calcium L-5-methyltetrahydrofolate.

*Organic ingredient  †VitaBerry Plus® is a registered trademark of VDF Futureceuticals, Inc.

rejuvenate berries & herbs nutrition facts table

RESOURCES:

Discover Rejuvenate! Berries & Herbs  (Product Page)

You may also like: Rejuvenate! PLUS (Product Page)

Did you know there are 3 different Rejuvenate! superfoods? Which one is best for you? See our Rejuvenate! superfood comparison page.

BLOG ARTICLES:

REJUVENATE! BERRIES & HERBS – SUPERFOOD FORMULA UPDATED

0

IRENA OSSOLA UPDATE – ROLE OF SUPPLEMENTS IN PROFESSIONAL CYCLING

Irena Ossola pro cyclist nutritional supplementsHPDI’s sponsored athlete Irena Ossola has been a bike tour leader in Italy this summer and fall. During that time, she scaled back her nutritional supplement regimen. This is partly because the summer and fall period is one of rest from high-intensity competitive bike training—and because her training for the new racing season has not yet begun. However, she recorded her observations regarding nutritional supplements. She concludes they are important whether or not she is actively training for races. – editor

Irena Ossola

I have been working like a maniac and nonstop since I arrived in Italy for my bike touring job at the end of August. However, I am feeling good and recovering well and happy to move forward for next year in training. I am starting to really look forward to getting in some hard solid winter training now and especially being in Tucson will be amazing!! I can’t wait to get back into my regular training regime. On another note, I’ve recorded some observations during my time in Italy about my nutrition and vitamins.

Beginning August:

“As I am now at the beginning of my touring/working season, I like to use this time as my sort of “off time” for supplements. Regarding vitamins and other nutritional supplements, I have found in the past that I have trouble staying on schedule and taking them while working. I feel that my nutrition is still adequate as I eat vegetables and meat and other necessary things for the amount of effort and activity I am putting my body through. Yet, I also know I will feel the difference without a constant flow of vitamins and supplements from Health Products Distributors, Inc.”

Beginning September:

“Now that I am in my moment of break and I’ve been working constantly for about a month, I must stay that I have also not been taking vitamins for a couple weeks and I can definitely feel the difference. Especially in my diet when I am not eating as healthy (as I do when training) or being as consistent with consuming vegetables.

I notice a lack of energy when I am working and lack of intensity on the bike when I’m riding. This is fine for now, and a good test for me as during this time I do not need a high-intensity effort while riding and it is a good test of my energy levels to see the contrast while I’m working compared to training.

I will begin taking some supplements again regularly which I think will help and will also demonstrate the necessity to have a regular schedule of nutritional supplements even when my work and travel schedule is so busy.”

Beginning October:

“Boy do I feel the difference! Since I have been regularly taking supplements again I can feel my energy going up and my willingness to push more and have more intensity on the bike. I feel the difference in my regular diet as well as I feel more motivated to eat healthy. This is a big contrast and difference I can see from the period when I was taking supplements to when I stopped and now again to taking them. This shows how big the influence of nutritional supplementation is for my body.

I will continue taking my vitamins and being active while working and also eating a healthy diet to maintain my energy levels and physical ability. I am so busy while working that supplements are often hard to take while changing hotels or setting things up for the day. But if I have my vitamin bag and make sure to keep it somewhere easily accessible, then I am more willing to take them and can easily.

It is great to be working so closely with an amazing company like Health Products Distributors, Inc. where I can do this sort of test to see the differences. It shows a huge difference in their products compared to just food and how they affect my body. I have been taking Mighty Multi-Vite!, Ultimate Protector, Essential Fats Plus E, and Myo-Mag.

The supplements are amazing and I LOVE them and again I cannot wait to return to my competitive training this winter in Tucson.” ~

==

Editor’s notes: Irena primarily takes HPDI Foundational Supplements which are the base or core of a nutritional supplement program. Foundational supplements include a high-potency multivitamin (Hank & Brian’s Mighty Multi-Vite!™), vitamin C/antioxidant formulas (Ultimate Protector Nrf2 activator formula), essential fats (Essential Fats Plus E), and Rejuvenate! high-RNA superfoods (Rejuvenate! Original Greens, Rejuvenate! PLUS, and Rejuvenate! Berries & Herbs). She also takes other HPDI formulas like Myo-Mag (magnesium formula), pH Adjust alkalinizing formula, Warrior Mist (topical pain reliever), and other formulas depending on her needs.

0

ESSENTIAL NUTRIENTS – SEVEN ARGUMENTS FOR NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS

Fred Liers PhD nutrients nutritional supplementsAlmost daily articles, reports, or studies appear claiming nutritional supplements are not effective. The claims vary, but the verdict is always there is little or no scientific evidence proving supplements (or the nutrients in supplements) work. Others assert that people who take supplements have the world’s most expensive urine. This is nonsense! The scientific evidence is clear, available, and it has been for a long time.

Among the many problems with these reports is bashing supplements based on studies using low dose or non-therapeutic levels of nutrients. There is frequently failure to consider the importance of synergy among nutrients. Often there is data manipulation via statistical methods (often in meta-analyses).

Well beyond the question of whether supplements support health are the factors in modern life that create a greater needs for supplementing with important vitamins, minerals, cofactors, and other nutrients.

This month we present “Seven Arguments for Nutritional Supplements.” As the title implies, there are at least seven solid arguments for nutritional supplementation. There are actually a lot more.

To preview these arguments in favor of taking supplements, they are: 1) reduced food quality, 2) nutrient density varies by location, 3) modern lifestyles and stress, 4) environmental pollution, 5) too low RDAs, and 6) promotion of health and delaying of aging, and 7) the human right to correct information.

essential nutrients fatty acids EFA supplement

Essential Fatty Acids (EFA) are one type of essential nutrient required for health.

We at HPDI re-publish articles from the Orthomolecular News Service  (OMNS) because the authors provide much needed truth. Truth the form of correcting the false assumptions of anti-supplement propagandists to clarify the benefits of nutritional supplements. This information can help people be healthier easily and at relatively low cost.

HPDI offers a full line of foundational nutritional supplements, including multivitamins, vitamin C and antioxidant formulas, essential fats, and high-RNA Rejuvenate! superfoods. We also offer nearly 100 other nutritional supplements from single nutrients to condition specific formulas. See our full product overview.

Enjoy this article from the Orthomolecular News Service (OMNS). ~

Seven Arguments for Taking Nutritional Supplements

by Dag Viljen Poleszynski, PhD

(OMNS Sept 12 2018)

One of the most vitamin-restrictive countries in the world is Norway. There, authorities limit potencies to only slightly higher than RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowance) levels for dietary supplements sold outside of pharmacies. The traditional reasoning is that most people receive the nutrients they need from a “balanced diet.” [1]

The authorities are also obsessively concerned that some vitamins and minerals are harmful in high doses. And, since an intake of water-soluble vitamins in excess of needs is excreted in the urine, Norwegian “experts” advise that taking supplements is a waste of money.

Accordingly, the argument goes, the public should be protected not only from possible harm, but also from wasting money on unnecessary nutrients. The official policies on nutritional supplements vary within OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) countries. Some are more liberal, while others are even more restrictive.

The official view on the connection between nutrient intake and possible toxicity is illustrated by the Norwegian Food Authority in a graph. [2]

Perceived risk from intake of nutrients. (Source: Expert Group on Vitamins and Minerals. Safe upper limits for Vitamins and Minerals. May 2003: Food Standards Agency, UK.)

The graph illustrates the official view on nutrients, assuming that nutrients function in the same way as pharmaceuticals, which they do not. Supplements of most vitamins, but also minerals and other nutrients, do not have very serious side effects even when taken at very high levels – in contrast with most drugs. [3,4] The fact that most of the chemotherapeutic drugs used against cancer have none or even just marginal effects against most cancers [5], while at the same time cause a lot of serious side effects, is rarely up for discussion.

The idea that nutritional supplements are not safe has a legal underpinning in Norwegian Food Law, which in section 16 prohibits sale of any food which is not safe: “Any food shall be considered not to be safe if it is seen as detrimental to health or not fit for consumption.” [6]

However, the Norwegian authorities do admit that vitamin D supplements are needed during part of the year. [1] Only part of the year? One third of Norway is within the Arctic Circle. Norway has far too little sunshine (especially during winter months) to get adequate levels of vitamin D from UVB radiation on the skin.

The authorities also recommend that pregnant women take folic acid to prevent birth defects, and omega-3-fatty acids may be advisable for those who do not eat fish regularly. Norwegians have a long tradition of giving children cod liver oil, which in a daily tablespoon provides enough vitamin A and D and essential fatty acids to cover basic needs.

Essential and conditionally essential nutrients

There are thousands of dietary supplements on the market, including 40+ essential nutrients alone and in various combinations, i.e. vitamins, minerals, trace elements and fatty acids. However, a number of other nutrients are “conditionally essential”, meaning that the body normally can make these molecules, but some people do not make optimal amounts. Examples are L-carnitine, alpha-lipoic acid, the methyl donor betaine, [7] chondroitin sulfate, coenzyme Q10, choline, amino acids such as tyrosine or arginine, and “essential” sugars normally formed in the body. [8]

Healthy young people normally make sufficient amounts of conditionally essential molecules in the body, although the levels are not always optimal. With inadequate levels of minerals or vitamins, key enzymes in biochemical pathways may not function optimally.

Due to genetic mutations, some enzymes may have increased needs for certain cofactors (vitamins), which can prevent them from functioning optimally.[9] Some enzymes only function normally when supplied with cofactors in greater amounts than normally required.

If supplements of essential nutrients prove insufficient for optimal enzyme function, “conditionally essential” nutrients may be added as part of a comprehensive, therapeutic program.

Some reservations

Parents are advised to become familiar with the literature on essential nutrients, for instance by consulting the Orthomolecular News Service. Children should be given supplements in appropriate doses and in a suitable form. Pills should not be given before children can control the swallowing reflex. Multivitamin powder can be given dissolved in water or juice. Parents should not dose vitamin C so high that a child comes to school or kindergarten with loose bowels or diarrhea.

In high doses, niacin may cause unpleasant side effects such as flushing and itching lasting up to several hours. [10] Although this is not dangerous, it may cause a child to feel unwell and anxious. Starting niacin supplementation with a low dose and gradually increasing it will allow the body to adapt and avoid the niacin flush.

A multivitamin supplement containing moderate amounts of niacin is often adequate until a child is 8-10 years old. For younger children, the dosage should start with only a few tens of milligrams, and not increased to more than 50-100 mg/day. Adults may gradually get used to taking 1,000-1,500 mg/d divided into 3 doses per day.

When it comes to omega-3 fatty acids (omega = ω) such as EPA and DHA, children may be given cod liver oil and served fish and/or other seafood 2-3 times a week. It is important to check the dose of vitamin A supplied, as it can be toxic in high doses, especially for children. One problem with cod liver oil today is that vitamin D has been removed during processing, thus changing the natural ratio of the two vitamins so that we ingest relatively too much of vitamin A. [11]

Higher dosages may be given after having consulted a therapist who has measured the ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids in relevant cell membranes (red blood cells). In most industrialized countries, many people get too much of the omega-6 fatty acids, and would therefore benefit from eating more seafood or taking supplements with omega-3 fatty acids derived from organisms low in the food chain (algae, krill).

Flax seeds contain a high level of the essential omega-3 fatty acid alpha-linolenic acid, and freshly ground flaxseed meal or flax oil can be mixed with breakfast cereals or smoothies. Note that it may be advisable to limit eating farmed fish to once per week, since their fodder contains less omega-3 fatty acids than the food eaten by wild fish, and possibly also contains more contaminants. [12] Some researchers even warn against letting children eat too much fish because of the content of environmental toxins. [13,14]

Reasons for high-dose supplements of micronutrients

I have identified a number of arguments in favor of supplementing the modern diet with essential nutrients, here summarized with seven headlines. Most people should consider taking a multivitamin supplement containing vitamins and minerals even if they eat a nutritionally balanced diet.

Additional nutrients may contribute to better health and, in some cases, can be of vital importance in our modern world. The arguments are presented in random order, i.e. the order does not reflect priority.

1. The agricultural revolution has reduced food quality

The transition from an existence as hunter and gatherers to urban agriculture around 10,000 years ago began an epoch when foods were mass-produced but had lower nutritional density, compared with the previous food eaten by our ancestors. The nutritional density in many foods has fallen significantly since human societies transformed from hunter-gatherers into resident farmers. This is especially true in the last 60-70 years after agriculture was changed from small, versatile ecologically driven family farms to large, chemical-based, industrial agriculture. [15]

The reduction of nutritional content in modern crops, compared with older varieties, is well documented. [16] It is a consequence of soil erosion, loss of essential minerals from continual heavy use, combined with breeding of new varieties, which has increased the size and growth rate of plants by increasing the content of sugar and water and decreasing their mineral content compared to ancient species. At the same time, the relative content of other macronutrients (fat, protein/amino acids) and antioxidants may have been reduced.

Reduced nutritional density in many foods, combined with the use of refined “foods” like sugar, white flour and refined oils, places a greater priority on eating the most nutritious foods.

Farm produce grown organically generally has higher levels of essential nutrients such as trace minerals because the soil contains higher levels of trace minerals and the produce grows slower and thus has more time to absorb nutrients from the soil. Examples of nutrient dense foods are sardines, wild salmon, shellfish, eggs, liver, kale, collards and spinach, sea plants (seaweed), garlic, blueberries, and dark chocolate. [17]

2. Nutritional content of food varies with geographical location

Nutritional density varies considerably geographically between different regions, even with the same agricultural methods. This was documented in the United States in 1948 by a researcher at Rutgers University in the so-called Firman Bear report. [18] At that time agriculture was little mechanized, and artificial fertilizers and pesticides were hardly used.

The analysis found large differences in the content of minerals in the same food. The largest variations were found for potassium, sodium, boron and iron in spinach, while the greatest differences in calcium, magnesium and copper content were found in tomatoes.

The soil in areas with relatively low rainfall may in some cases contain an extremely high concentration of minerals, which is reflected in the plants growing there. This was well documented 70 years ago in the book Tomorrow’s Food. [19] The dentist George W. Heard found that the soil in Hereford, Texas, was exceptionally rich in minerals.[20]

Hereford became known as the “town without a toothache” after a newspaper article from January 29, 1942, reported that Hereford had the lowest incidence of tooth decay of any city in the United States. [21] Dr. Heard found that people in Hereford had exceptionally few dental cavities and also that the soil locally was especially rich in minerals. He emphasized that the population in the county ate unprocessed food and was drinking raw milk. [19]

Recent research shows that differences in the content of the selenium in the soil can cause major differences in the concentration of selenium in meat. [22] For instance, since the soil in Finland is poor in selenium, the authorities decided in the early 1980s to add selenate to commercial fertilizers. A survey of selenium status among 108 healthy young people showed an increase in the blood selenium level of about 50 percent after four years. [23]

A similar problem with the level of minerals in the soil exists for the content of magnesium. Often when the soil gets depleted of magnesium from heavy use, this essential mineral is not included in soil amendment with fertilizers. Produce grown in soil with an adequate level of magnesium will contain more magnesium than produce grown in soil deficient in magnesium.

Perhaps as many as 70-80% of the US population is magnesium-deficient, which causes many health problems. [24] Magnesium supplements (chloride, malate or citrate) can provide an adequate level when vegetables grown in soil with adequate magnesium are not available.

3. Stress and the modern lifestyle increase the need for nutrients

Mental stress increases the excretion and hence the need for many nutrients. Among the most important are magnesium and vitamin C, both of which are used by the body in larger quantities during periods of physical and mental stress. [24,25] Compared with our past as hunters and gatherers, today´s stress is often of a more permanent nature. Instead of experiencing occasional situations where we had to fight or flee, many of us live with recurring stress day in and out.

Vitamin C protects the brain and nervous system from damage caused by stress because the synthesis and maintenance of chemical neurotransmitters such as adrenaline and noradrenaline requires adequate levels of vitamin C. [25]

Vitamin C is also needed to repair collagen which is essential for skin, blood vessels, bones and joints, and muscles. When these are damaged by physical stress, extra vitamin C is necessary.

A controlled trial of 91 adults who experienced increased anxiety and stress 2-3 months after an earthquake in New Zealand in 2011 was divided into three groups, two were given a broad spectrum supplement of micronutrients in low or higher doses. [26] The supplements were found to alleviate the experience of stress, with the biggest dose having the biggest effect.

Our sedate, modern lifestyle reduces the need for energy from food, which implies a lower food intake or obesity. Loren Cordain, PhD, and coworkers have estimated that hunter-gatherers had significantly higher energy needs than the typical modern office worker. [27]

A lower energy intake generally reduces the absolute intake of all nutrients, while the need for some nutrients is not always reduced proportionally with energy intake. Overall this suggests that more exercise along with a more nutritious diet, including supplements of essential nutrients and less carbohydrates, will help to prevent obesity and maintain health.

Processing of food reduces its nutritional content, and the finished products are often based on fractions of the original foods. One example is milling grain to make white flour, [1] which has a lower nutritional density than whole grain flour.

The reduction in nutritional value has accelerated since whole foods are now divided into pieces, for example, boneless chicken breast. When meat is injected with saline to increase the volume, the relative level of essential nutrients is reduced. In the United States, many supermarkets in low-income rural and inner city areas have a limited selection of nutrient-dense foods, compared with high-income areas. [28]

4. Environmental pollutants increase the need for nutrients

The need for efficient detoxification and excretion is greatly increased by environmental pollution from the chemical industry, herbicides and pesticides used by industrial agriculture, antibiotic treatment of animals, transport, and plastic packaging. [29]

In our polluted world, the increased toxic load may be compensated for by an increase in nutrients to promote detoxification. One can respond by taking large doses of supplements of essential nutrients, for example, antioxidants vitamin C and E, and an adequate dose of selenium, which help the body detoxify harmful chemicals. Also helpful is regularly taking sauna baths, fasting periodically, and eating an excellent diet that includes generous portions of dark green leafy vegetables and colorful vegetables and fruits. [30]

A recent study predicts that global warming may reduce the nutrient density in many foods worldwide. [31] Atmospheric CO2 is estimated to surpass 550 ppm in the next 30-80 years, leading to larger crops with lower content of protein, iron and zinc per energy unit.

Assuming that diets remain constant, while excluding other climate impacts on food production, the researchers estimated that elevated CO2 could cause an additional 175 million people to be zinc deficient and an additional 122 million people to be protein deficient in 2050. Anemia would increase significantly if crops lose even a small amount of iron. The highest risk regions – South and Southeast Asia, Africa, and the Middle East – are especially vulnerable, since they do not have the means and access to compensate using nutritional supplements.

5. The RDA for essential nutrients is too low

The recommended nutrient reference intake (NRI) has been defined by UK authorities and the EU Food Safety Agency as the dose that is adequate for 95 percent of the population. [32] These authorities have given recommendations for a total of 41 chemical substances, [33] including 13 vitamins, 17 minerals/trace elements, 9 amino acids and two fatty acids. The problem with such guidelines is that when using the same 0.95 fraction for just 16 of the essential nutrients, the fraction of the overall population that has their needs met with the RDA is less than half (0.9516 = 0.44).

Given the above assumption, the proportion of the population having all nutrient needs met falls below 25 percent for 30 nutrients (0.9530 = 0.21). These 25 percent will not necessarily get optimal amounts, just enough so that they probably will have no deficiencies in accordance with established standards. Each individual is different and has different biochemical needs, so we all need different doses of essential nutrients. Many vitamins and minerals can give additional benefit when taken at higher doses.

The need for several essential nutrients increases with age and sickness. This applies, for example, to vitamin C, vitamin D, magnesium, and iron. In 2017 the Norwegian Food Safety Authority proposed to revise the official maximum levels for vitamins and minerals in dietary supplements. [34]

Their proposal introduced four different age categories with separate maximum intakes. Initially, the agencies proposed to revise the daily doses allowed in dietary supplements for folic acid, magnesium, calcium, vitamin C and D. At the same time, maximum rates were temporarily suspended for vitamins A, E, K, thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pantothenate (B5), pyridoxine (B6), cobalamine (B12), biotin, and for phosphorus, iron, copper, iodine, zinc, manganese, selenium, chromium, molybdenum, sodium, potassium, fluoride, chloride, boron and silicon.

The upper limits for some nutrients may be changed in the future. Unfortunately, Norwegian nutrition “experts” will likely continue to limit allowable doses below those freely available in the US and even Sweden.

6. An optimal nutrient intake promotes health and delays aging

A spokesperson for optimal nutritional intake is the well-known biochemist Bruce Ames, who proposed the “triage theory of nutrients,” in which enzymes responsible for cell maintenance functions evolved to have lower affinity for the essential vitamin and mineral cofactors than the enzymes responsible for short-term survival, to preserve life during times of famine. [35]

Thus, higher levels of vitamins and minerals may delay mitochondrial aging, speed up the repair of large molecules such as DNA and collagen, and generally improve other cellular functions. This is an important rationale for taking higher doses of vitamins and minerals than recommended reference intakes.

Dietary supplements can slow the aging process, in part by reducing the harmful effects of free radicals, known to be involved in many diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer. [36]

Naturally occurring hormones and/or supplements of cofactors needed for optimal hormone production in the body can have a significant life-prolonging effect if the body produces less than optimal amounts. [37] This is especially relevant for those with a genetic predisposition for disease.

An optimum intake of all nutrients is difficult to achieve even for those who eat almost exclusively an excellent diet of nutrient dense foods, such as meat and innards, fish, shellfish, fowl, eggs, nuts, mushrooms, and vegetables, berries and nutritious fruits. Some nutrients such as folic acid or carotenoids in vegetables are absorbed better from processed than unprocessed foods.

Although vegetables are often considered to be a good source of vitamins, for example vitamin A from carrots, vitamin A is only found in animal products such as liver, egg yolk, fish cod and cod liver oil. Although eating raw vegetables is helpful for several reasons (vitamin C, fiber, microbiota), carotenoids (alpha/beta-carotene, lutein, lycopene) in vegetables are less well absorbed from raw than cooked food and better absorbed in the presence of added fat. [38,39].

Nutrients in vegetables are better absorbed when finely chewed, graded, or mashed [38], and cooking and grinding meat reduces the energy required to digest it [40] and increases nutrient absorption [41].

Orthomolecular pioneer Abram Hoffer and Orthomolecular News Service Editor Andrew W. Saul suggested this list of daily intakes of vitamins and minerals. [42] The Norwegian 2017 recommendations for adult men and women [43] are given in comparison. Individual needs may vary substantially from person to person and also with health status.

The figures for optimal intake are obtained from the Independent Vitamin Safety Review Panel of physicians, researchers and academics, who concluded:

“People are deceived in believing that they can get all the nutrients they need from a ‘balanced diet’ consisting of processed foods. To achieve an adequate intake of vitamins and minerals, a diet of unprocessed whole foods, along with intelligent use of dietary supplements is more than just a good idea: it is vital.” [44: 55]

A well-known example is vitamin C, which can effectively fight viral infections, prevent or reverse disease caused by bacteria, and help the body detoxify organic and inorganic toxins. [45] Vitamin C also reduces the risk for cancer, strengthens connective tissues (collagen), and counteracts stress by increasing the adrenal´s production of cortisol. The dose required is set according to the body’s need.

Nobel Price Laureate Linus Pauling suggested that an optimal daily intake of vitamin C could vary from at least 250 mg up to 20 grams per day. [46] Because unabsorbed vitamin C attracts water into the gut, some people may experience loose stools, gas and/or diarrhea by ingesting only 1-2 grams at a time, while others with a higher level of stress may tolerate 5-6 grams or more. The dose that causes loose stools is called the “bowel tolerance” for vitamin C. [47] To avoid the laxative effect of high doses, it is best to take vitamin C throughout the day in smaller divided doses.

When the body is stressed by disease, the gut will naturally absorb more vitamin C because the body needs more. To find the optimal dose, the intake should be increased until bowel tolerance is reached. Some people can tolerate more than 100,000 mg/d of vitamin C in divided doses during serious illness without having loose stool.

Liposomal vitamin C bypasses the normal bowel tolerance because it is absorbed directly through cell membranes, so higher doses can be tolerated without diarrhea.

7. A human right to receive correct information

Access to correct information about food and essential nutrients, including knowledge about the importance of food for health is a fundamental human right. Such information should not only provide a summary of the nutrient content of food, but in our opinion should also explain how dietary supplements can counteract deficiencies and prevent and reverse disease caused by nutrient deficiencies.

We should be free to purchase quality-controlled supplements of essential nutrients and to use them to counteract aging and damage from stress as part of a long-term health plan. The right to reject recommendations by doctors for symptomatic treatment with synthetic, some times life-threatening, drugs to alleviate symptoms should be included. [48,49]

I have not found any formulation of such rights from the Norwegian authorities. The role of parents and their right to receive correct health information is addressed in a book by lawyer Anne Kjersti C. Befring, a fellow at the University of Oslo since 2014. [50]

Summary

The use of dietary supplements is widespread. High doses of vitamins are thought to be helpful because they help the body recover from damage and maintain itself long-term. Many vitamins are not harmful in doses even 10 to 100-fold higher than officially recommended.

Some governments warn about possible negative side effects, even including increased mortality from “excessive” intake of certain supplements. However, supplements of essential nutrients have been available for more than 80 years. They are known to be safe, and the observed side effects are generally mild with few exceptions.

It is possible to ingest too much of certain vitamins and minerals (vitamin A, calcium, iron, copper, selenium) which may exacerbate an existing imbalance or lack of another mineral (magnesium, zinc). It is also important to balance intake of fatty acids in the omega-6 and omega-3 series, as most people get too much omega-6 and not enough omega-3.

Small children can be overdosed with adult doses of for example vitamin A or iron, and pills may be dangerous for babies or young children because they can get stuck in the throat. Therefore, I recommend consulting a doctor or nutritionist educated in orthomolecular medicine. Most people are likely to benefit from taking a broad-spectrum multivitamin/mineral supplement as a basic insurance against deficiencies.

Compared to pharmaceutical drugs, supplements of most essential nutrients are quite harmless. However, some supplements may have poor quality, or contain toxic metals such as lead or cadmium. Therefore, it is the duty of our authorities to ensure that potentially hazardous products or supplements of poor quality are not sold, and that consumers are offered fair prices in a free market.

An example where the Norwegian authorities do not follow up such basic duties is that pharmacies demand more than 1,600 Norwegian Kroner (about $190) per kg of vitamin C in powder form, which would cost less than $20 with free competition and no restrictions in permitted doses or outlets.

Those who want to use natural healing methods, such as the use of food and supplements of essential nutrients to prevent or reverse illness, should consult therapists who are qualified to give advice on how natural therapies can help.

I recommend that anyone interested in supplements read the references for this article as well as the archives of the Journal of Orthomolecular Medicine http://orthomolecular.org/library/jom/ and the Orthomolecular Medicine News Service http://orthomolecular.org/resources/omns/index.shtml . Both are free access online.

(Dag Viljen Poleszynski, PhD, is the editor of Helsemagasinet [Health Magazine] https://vof.no/arkiv/ . He has translated and published a large number of OMNS releases in Norwegian.)

 

References

1. National Nutrition Council. Dietary advice to promote public health and prevent chronic disease. Directorate of Health, Oslo January 2011.

2. [Norwegian Food Authority. Nutritional supplements – a situational description.] Oslo 2013. http://www.matportalen.no/kosthold_og_helse/tema/kosttilskudd/article32116.ece/BINARY/Kosttilskudd%20-%20en%20tilstandsbeskrivelse

3. Moore TJ, Cohen MR, Furberg CD. Serious adverse drug events reported to the Food and Drug Administration, 1998-2005. Archives of Internal Medicine 2007; 167: 1752-9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17846394.

4. Gøtzsche PC. Our prescription drugs kill us in large numbers. Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnetrznej 2014; 124: 628-33. http://pamw.pl/en/issue/article/25355584

5. Abel U. [Chemotherapy of advanced carcinomas. A critical inventory] 2nd edition. Stuttgart, Germany: Hippokrates Verlag GmbH, 1995.

6. [Law on food production and food safety, etc. (The Food Law)]. https://lovdata.no/dokument/NL/lov/2003-12-19-124 (24.5.2018).

7. Craig SAS. Betaine in human nutrition. Am J Hum Nutrition 2004; 80: 539-49. https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/80/3/539/4690529 (8.23.2018)

8. Elkins R. Miracle sugars. North Orem, Utah: Woodland Publishing, 2003. http://www.woodlandpublishing.com. ISBN-13: 978-1580543675

9. Ames BN, Elson-Schwab I, Silver EA. High-dose vitamin therapy stimulates variant enzymes with decreased coenzyme binding affinity (increases Km): relevance to genetic disease and polymorphisms. Am J Clin Nutrition 2002; 75: 616-68. https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/75/4/616/4689367

10. Hoffer A. Orthomolecular treatment for schizophrenia and other mental illnesses. Toronto, Canada: The International Schizophrenia Foundation, 2011. http://www.orthomed.org

11. Weston A. Price Foundation. A Response to Dr. Joe Mercola on Cod Liver Oil. April 30, 2009. https://www.westonaprice.org/health-topics/cod-liver-oil/a-response-to-dr-joe-mercola-on-cod-liver-oil/

12. Leech J. Wild vs Framed Salmon – Can Some Fish Be Bad for You? Healthline, June 4, 2017. https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/wild-vs-farmed-salmon

13. Sætre S, Østli K. [Children pay the price for Norwegian dietary advice] Morgenbladet 5.11.2018. https://morgenbladet.no/aktuelt/2018/05/barna-betaler-prisen-norske-kostholdsrad

14. [For after thought – foods with environmental toxins.] https://spiseforaaleve.wordpress.com/2013/03/01/til-ettertanke-mat-med-miljogifter/comment-page-1/ (9.2.2018)

15. Grossman K. The truth about nutrient dense foods that nobody wants to hear. https://blog.radiantlifecatalog.com/truth-about-nutrient-dense-foods (5.26.2018).

16. Hall RH. Food for Nought. The decline in nutrition. New York: Vintage Books 1976. ISBN-13: 978-0394717531

17. Gunnars K. The 11 most nutrient dense foods on the planet. 6.22.2017. https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/11-most-nutrient-dense-foods-on-the-planet (5.26.2018).

18. Bear FE, Toth SJ, Prince AL. Variations in mineral composition of vegetables. Soil Science of America Proceedings 1948; 13: 380-4. https://njaes.rutgers.edu/pubs/bear-report/

19. Rorty J, Norman NP. Tomorrow’s Food; the coming revolution in nutrition. New York: Prentice Hall, 1947/1956.

20. Heard GW. Man versus Toothache. (c)George W. Heard, Hereford, Texas. Milwaukee, WI: Lee Foundation for Nutritional Research, 1952.

21. “The Town Without A Toothache,” text, 1959; http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth46551/m1/1/University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, http://texashistory.unt.edu

22. Hintze KJ, Lardy GP, Marchello MJ, et al. Areas with high concentration of selenium in the soil and forage produce beef with enhanced concentrations of selenium. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2001; 49: 1062-7. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf000699s

23. Mäkelä AL, Näntö V, Mäkela P, et al. The effect of nationwide selenium enrichment of fertilizers on selenium status of healthy Finnish medical students living in South Western Finland. Biological Trace Element Research 1993; 36: 151-7. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02783174

24. Dean C. The Magnesium Miracle. Second Edition. New York: Ballantine Books, 2017. ISBN-13: 978-0399594441

25. Hickey S, Saul AW. Vitamin C: the real story. Laguna Beach, CA: Basic Health Publications, Inc., 2008. ISBN-13: 978-1591202233

26. Rucklidge JJ, Andridge R, Gorman B, et al. Shaken but unstirred? Effects of micronutrients on stress and trauma after an earthquake: RCT evidence comparing formulas and doses. Human Psychopharmacology and Clinical Experience 2012; 27: 440-54. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/hup.2246

27. Cordain L, Gotshall RW, Eaton SB. Evolutionary aspects of exercise. In: Simopoulos AP, ed.: Nutrition and fitness: Evolutionary aspects. World Review of Nutrition and Diet 1997; 81: 49-60. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9287503

28. Zenk SN, Powell LM, Rimkus L, et al. Relative and absolute availability of healthier food and beverage alternatives across communities in the United States. American Journal of Public Health 2014; 104: 2170-8. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4202991/

29. Waldbott GL. Health effects of environmental pollutants. Second edition. St. Louis, MI: The C. V. Mosby Company, 1978. ISBN-13: 978-0801653308

30. Rogers, Sherry A. Detoxify or die. Sarasota, FL: Sand Key Company, Inc., 2002. https://www.amazon.co.uk/s/ref=nb_sb_noss_2?url=search-alias%3Daps&field-keywords=Detoxify+or+die

31. Smith MR, Myers SS. Impact of anthropogenic CO2 emissions on global human nutrition. Nature Climate Change 2018; 8: 834-9. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41558-018-0253-3

32. Dietary Reference Values. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dietary_Reference_Values (9.1.2018)

33. Essential Nutrients. http://www.nutrientsreview.com/glossary/essential-nutrients (9.1.2018)

34. [Norwegian Food Authority. Revision of national maximum limits for vitamins and minerals in nutritional supplements – separate maximum limits; published 11.9.2016, last changed 6.21.2017]. https://www.mattilsynet.no/mat_og_vann/spesialmat_og_kosttilskudd/kosttilskudd/

35. Ames BN. Prevention of mutation, cancer, and other age-associated diseases by optimizing micronutrient intake. Journal of Nucleic Acids 2010; 210: 1-11. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2945683/

36. Halliwell B, Gutteridge HMC. Free radicals in biology and medicine. 5th edition. Oxford, NY: Clarendon Press, 2015. ISBN-13: 978-0198717485

37. Hertoghe T. The hormone handbook. Copyright (c) 2006 Thierry Hertoghe. Surrey, UK: International Medical Publications, 2006.

38. Edwards AJ, Nguyen CH, You CS, et al. a- og ß-carotene from a commercial carrot puree are more bioavailable to humans than from boiled-mashed carrots, as determined using an extrinsic stable isotope reference method. Journal of Nutrition 2002; 132: 159-67. https://academic.oup.com/jn/article/132/2/159/4687130

39. Unlu NZ, Bohn T, Clinton SK et al. Carotenoid absorption from salad and salsa by humans is enhanced by the addition of avocado or avocado oil. The Journal of Nutrition 2005; 135: 431-6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15735074

40. Boback SM, Cox CL, Ott BD et al. Cooking and grinding reduces the cost of meat digestion. Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, molecular & integrative physiology 2007; 148: 651-6. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17827047

41. Carmody RN, Wrangham RW. Cooking and the human commitment to a high-quality diet. Cold Spring Harbor Symposium on Quantitative Biology 2009; 74: 427-34. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19843593

42. Hoffer A, Saul AW. Orthomolecular medicine for everyone. Laguna Beach, CA: Basic Health Publications, Inc., 2008. ISBN-13: 978-1591202264

43. Hjartåker A, Pedersen JI, Müller H mfl. Grunnleggende ernæringslære. 3. utgave. [Basic nutrition] Oslo: Gyldendal Norsk Forlag AS, 2017.

44. Levy TE. Vitamin C, infectious diseases, & toxins. Curing the incurable. 3rd Edition. (c)Thomas E. Levy 2011. Medfox Pub. ISBN-13: 978-0977952021

45. Pauling L. How to live longer and feel better. New York: W. H. Freeman and Company, 1986. ISBN-13: 978-0870710964

46. Cathcart, RF III. The method of determining proper doses of vitamin C for the treatment of disease by titrating to bowel tolerance. Journal of Orthomolecular Medicine 1981; 10: 125-32. http://orthomolecular.org/library/jom/1981/pdf/1981-v10n02-p125.pdf

47. Lazarou J, Pomeranz BH, Corey PN. Incidence of adverse drug reactions in hospitalized patients. A meta-analysis of prospective studies. JAMA 1998; 279: 1200-5. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/187436

48. Moore TJ, Cohen MR, Furberg CD. Serious adverse drug events reported to the Food and Drug Administration, 1998-2005. Archives of Internal Medicine 2007; 167: 1752-9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17846394 .

49. Hitchen L. Adverse drug reactions result in 250 000 UK admissions a year. BMJ 2006; 332: 1109. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16690649 .

50. Befring AKC. Helse- og omsorgsrett. [Health and Care] Oslo: CappelenDamm AS, 2017.

Nutritional Medicine is Orthomolecular Medicine

Orthomolecular medicine uses safe, effective nutritional therapy to fight illness. For more information: http://www.orthomolecular.org

Find a Doctor

To locate an orthomolecular physician near you: http://orthomolecular.org/resources/omns/v06n09.shtml

The peer-reviewed Orthomolecular Medicine News Service is a non-profit and non-commercial informational resource.

Editorial Review Board:

Ilyès Baghli, M.D. (Algeria)
Ian Brighthope, M.D. (Australia)
Prof. Gilbert Henri Crussol (Spain)
Carolyn Dean, M.D., N.D. (USA)
Damien Downing, M.D. (United Kingdom)
Michael Ellis, M.D. (Australia)
Martin P. Gallagher, M.D., D.C. (USA)
Michael J. Gonzalez, N.M.D., D.Sc., Ph.D. (Puerto Rico)
William B. Grant, Ph.D. (USA)
Tonya S. Heyman, M.D. (USA)
Suzanne Humphries, M.D. (USA)
Ron Hunninghake, M.D. (USA)
Michael Janson, M.D. (USA)
Robert E. Jenkins, D.C. (USA)
Bo H. Jonsson, M.D., Ph.D. (Sweden)
Jeffrey J. Kotulski, D.O. (USA)
Peter H. Lauda, M.D. (Austria)
Thomas Levy, M.D., J.D. (USA)
Homer Lim, M.D. (Philippines)
Stuart Lindsey, Pharm.D. (USA)
Victor A. Marcial-Vega, M.D. (Puerto Rico)
Charles C. Mary, Jr., M.D. (USA)
Mignonne Mary, M.D. (USA)
Jun Matsuyama, M.D., Ph.D. (Japan)
Dave McCarthy, M.D. (USA)
Joseph Mercola, D.O. (USA)
Jorge R. Miranda-Massari, Pharm.D. (Puerto Rico)
Karin Munsterhjelm-Ahumada, M.D. (Finland)
Tahar Naili, M.D. (Algeria)
W. Todd Penberthy, Ph.D. (USA)
Dag Viljen Poleszynski, Ph.D. (Norway)
Jeffrey A. Ruterbusch, D.O. (USA)
Gert E. Schuitemaker, Ph.D. (Netherlands)
Thomas L. Taxman, M.D. (USA)
Jagan Nathan Vamanan, M.D. (India)
Garry Vickar, MD (USA)
Ken Walker, M.D. (Canada)
Anne Zauderer, D.C. (USA)

Andrew W. Saul, Ph.D. (USA), Editor-In-Chief
Editor, Japanese Edition: Atsuo Yanagisawa, M.D., Ph.D. (Japan)
Robert G. Smith, Ph.D. (USA), Associate Editor
Helen Saul Case, M.S. (USA), Assistant Editor
Ralph K. Campbell, M.D. (USA), Contributing Editor
Michael S. Stewart, B.Sc.C.S. (USA), Technology Editor
Jason M. Saul, JD (USA), Legal Consultant

Comments and media contact: drsaul@doctoryourself.com OMNS welcomes but is unable to respond to individual reader emails. Reader comments become the property of OMNS and may or may not be used for publication.