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USING HPDI FOUNDATIONAL SUPPLEMENTS

Fred Liers PhD foundational supplements nutritionHPDI foundational supplements are designed to provide a complete range of essential nutrients that complement a healthy diet and lifestyle. They help ensure sufficient levels of nutrients required for good health.

We define foundational supplements as basic or “core” supplements that should be part of everyone’s daily regimen. They are the foundation of a complete nutritional supplement program.

HPDI has a three-tiered system of nutritional supplements: 1) Foundational Supplements, 2) Enhancement Formulas, and 3) Specific-Condition Formulas. All three tiers comprise a complete nutritional supplement program.

When properly combined, these three tiers of nutritional supplements help create optimal health. This month, I explain how to use HPDI foundational supplements, the base or bottom tier of the system (see cone diagram below).

The HPDI supplement system can be visualized as a cone having a base of Foundational Supplements ascending toward an apex of Enhancement Formulas and Specific Condition Formulas.

foundational supplements HPDI system

The HPDI Supplement System includes six types of Foundational Supplements forming its base.

USING HPDI FOUNDATIONAL SUPPLEMENTS

My intent is to guide consumers and health care professionals to decide the foundational supplements that are best for their purposes, and that provide the most effective results.

For anyone new to HPDI’s Foundational Supplements system, we recommend six basic types of supplements. The six categories are: 1) multivitamin formulas, 2) vitamin C / antioxidant formulas, 3) essential fats, 4) high-RNA foods (Rejuvenate! superfoods), 5) gut health formulas, and 6) hydrogen formulas.

We established the original three types of foundational supplements about 1988. We have always suggested that clients and health professionals take and/or recommend multivitamins, vitamin C and antioxidants, and essential fats.

About 10 years ago, we added high-RNA foods (like Rejuvenate! superfoods) as a fourth type of foundational supplement because research indicates dietary nucleic acids are essential nutrients—see our blog articles on nucleic acids, Benjamin S. Frank, MD, PhD, and about Rejuvenate! superfoods (Original, Plus, and Berries & Herbs).

Two categories of foundational supplements are new: gut health formulas and hydrogen formulas. Hank wrote an article (Amending the HPDI Foundational Program) about these changes in April. We added these two categories after much consideration regarding their benefits, and have written extensively about them in this blog (see resources section below).

The entire HPDI supplement system is depicted (above) as a cone. The six types of foundational supplements form the base of the cone. Enhancement Formulas and Specific-Condition formulas sit above toward the apex.

ultimate protector foundational supplements

Ultimate Protector Nrf2 formula is a foundational supplement in the vitamin C / antioxidant category.

HOW I USE HPDI FOUNDATIONAL SUPPLEMENTS

I use all six types of HPDI foundational supplements. I take the following supplements (below) and present them here as an example of how they can be integrated into a complete supplement regimen. Foundational Supplements I take:

1. Multivitamin: Hank & Brian’s Mighty Multi-Vite! (4 per day in divided doses)

2. Vitamin C / antioxidants: PRO-C (6-8 per day) and Ultimate Protector Nrf2 activator (8-12 per day)

3. Essential Fats: Essential Fats Plus E (4 per day)

4. Rejuvenate!™ superfood: All three Rejuvenate! superfoods (2-8 scoops per day)

5. Gut Health: RESTORE For Gut Health (1-2 ounces per day) and Prescript-Assist™ probiotic (soil-based organisms) (1-3 per week)

6. Hydrogen: Megahydrate (2-6 per day)

Taking one supplement from each of the six foundational supplement categories builds, supports, and maintains optimal health.

We at HPDI recommend everyone take one of each type of foundational supplement. That is, we suggest an individual select for personal use a multivitamin, vitamin C/antioxidant formula, essential fats formula, Rejuvenate!™ superfood (or other high-RNA superfood), hydrogen product, and at least one gut health product (depending on their gut-health needs).

Similarly we suggest health care professionals recommend for their clients one of each of the six types of foundational supplements.

The other two categories in the HPDI nutritional supplement system are Enhancement Formulas and Specific-Condition Formulas (see cone diagram). These are not foundational supplements. However, I include the supplements I take in these categories for the sake of completeness, as well as to show how Enhancement and Specific-Condition Formulas integrate with Foundational Supplements to form a complete supplement program providing a wide-range of essential nutrients required for health.

Enhancement Formulas I take include: B-Complex-50 (B complex), Myo-Mag (magnesium/malic acid), Ubiquinol-50, Bone Guardian, and Vitamin D3 Plus.

Specific Condition Formulas I take include: Joint Health Formula, Allergy Support Formula, Eye & Vision Formula, Intestinal Rejuvenation Formula, and Warrior Mist (pain topical), and Warrior Sleep (sleep topical).

While I take supplements from all three categories (Foundationals, Enhancements, and Specific-Condition) in the HPDI supplement system, I always prioritize foundational supplements—I take them first—because they are base on which my personal supplement program rests.

Foundational supplements should be the base on which your supplement program—or those of your clients—rests, as well.

We have seen the results of taking a complete set of foundational supplements. They work because the nutrients they provide are needed by everyone.

HPDI foundational supplements multivitamin

Muti Two Caps is a high-potency multi with coenzyme forms for optimal utilization in the body.

FOUNDATIONAL SUPPLEMENTS: RESULTS

Individuals who take all types of foundational supplements do best in terms of optimizing health. The reason is that all six types provide nutrients required for good health.

I can attest that HPDI Foundational Supplements are effective for improving or maintaining good health. In addition, I have witnessed numerous instances where individuals benefit most greatly when taking all four–and now all six–types of foundational supplements.

Each of the six categories of foundational supplement provide unique benefits. Yet, each performs functions required by the human body for good health. That is one reason when they are combined they exert synergistic effects for health going far beyond the benefits of using, one, two, or three of the types of foundational supplements.

WHEN FOUNDATIONAL SUPPLEMENTS ARE NOT PRIORITIZED

I talk to people who may or may not take a multivitamin. And they may or may not take vitamin C. Yet, they may take calcium for their bones, glucosamine for their joints, and lutein for their eyes. Or they may take a low-potency, off-the-shelf multivitamin providing merely the RDA for all nutrients.

There is nothing wrong with individuals taking supplements they regard as important or useful. But that cannot guarantee that a wide range—and sufficient levels—of nutrients necessary for health are available to the body on a regular basis.

In fact, I regard the supplement intake programs of most persons to be “hit-or-miss.” They may consume nutrients important for a few functions in the body, yet fail to obtain other essential nutrients required for the nutrients they take to work most effectively. We have written extensively on this topic on our website and in blog articles (see below).

Not taking regularly a complete set of foundational supplements likely means key nutrients (and key levels of nutrients) go missing. Over time, this means fewer and lower levels of nutrients available to support the body’s needs for them at levels known to sustain the good health.

The best way to ensure a sufficient range of nutrients at plentiful levels is to take foundational supplements. After a baseline of nutrients is established by taking foundational supplements, additional supplements can be added, as necessary.

rejuvenate superfood foundational supplements

High-RNA foods like Rejuvenate! PLUS superfood provide dietary nucleic acids important for health.

A COMPLETE SYSTEM OF SUPPLEMENTS, INCLUDING FOUNDATIONALS

After obtaining sufficient levels of basic nutrients required for health, then a person can add (or you can recommend) specific nutrients or formulas that target certain problems or issues. This is the basis for HPDI development of Enhancement Formulas and Specific-Condition Formulas.

Nutritional supplements in the categories of Enhancement Formulas and Specific-Condition Formulas therefore “stack” on top of HPDI’s Foundational Supplements (see cone diagram above). In this way, a complete nutritional supplement program begins with the most essential nutrients and continues with customizations based on the unique needs of an individual.

ENHANCEMENT FORMULAS

Enhancement Formulas in the HPDI system are supplements we regard as falling into the next tier in terms of importance, at least for most people. They do not necessarily provide essential nutrients, and yet many people (including myself) benefit significantly from them.

Enhancement Formulas include: magnesium formulas (topical and capsule), Vitamin D3 Plus, Nascent Iodine, Vitamin B12 (methylcobalamin), mushroom-based products (like Immune-Assist™), Prolyt (proteolytic enzymes), Digase (plant-based enzymes), and Warrior Mist (topical pain reliever), and many other formulas.

SPECIFIC-CONDITION FORMULAS

In the HPDI system, individuals can add (in a modular way) various formulas and single nutrients designed to support a particular set of needs or a target a specific condition.

We offer a complete range of supplements (almost 100) including a range of supplements formulated to address specific conditions. These include Joint Health Formula, Eye & Vision Formula, Blood Sugar Support, Allergy Support Plus, Prosta Plus, and many other formulas.

ONE SYSTEM. THREE TIERS. HPDI SUPPLEMENTS.

HPDI Foundational Supplements collectively form the base tier of a complete nutritional supplement system comprised of three tiers: 1) Foundational Supplements (six types), 2) Enhancement Formulas (or simply “Enhancements”), and 3) Specific-Condition Formulas.

Foundational Supplements are necessary because they provide nutrients foundational to health. Taking them daily or recommending your clients take them daily can help mean big differences in health, nutrition, and quality of life.

We at HPDI design our nutritional supplements to be the most effective dietary supplements available. HPDI products are known for: 1) Advanced Formulation (including use of superior forms of nutrients), 2) Ultra-High Purity, 3) Avoidance of Harmful Ingredients, and 4) being made with Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP). For more details, please see The HPDI Difference and our Statement on Additives (Excipients).

At least 40 of HPDI’s products are formulated by Dr. Hank Liers. They fall in all categories in HPDI’s supplement system. They can be found under “Dr. Hank Liers original formulas.”

omega plus foundational supplement

Omega Plus provides exceptionally well-balanced omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids.

FOUNDATIONAL SUPPLEMENTS: FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQ)

We frequently get questions from HPDI clients and resellers regarding foundational supplements. These questions include:

“Why did you add gut health and hydrogen products to your foundational supplements program?”
We found it necessary to add categories for gut health and hydrogen because they provide nutrients that are support the body and help ensure the foundational supplement system supports health most effectively. You can read more in previous blog articles (see below).

“Which is the better multivitamin: Multi Two or Mighty Multi-Vite!™?”
It depends on whether you need more B vitamins or antioxidants. Multi Two provides more B vitamins and Mighty Multi-Vite™ provides more antioxidants and cofactors. I take a separate HPDI B-Complex-50 formula, so I take Mighty Multi-Vite!™ as my primary multivitamin.

“What are the differences between Rejuvenate!™ Original, PLUS, and Berries & Herbs superfoods?”
They each provide about 340 mg of dietary nucleic acids. Original is the “greenest” with a large percentage of dietary nucleic acids coming from chlorella and spirunlina. PLUS is our most popular and 30% is identical to Original with more protein and a built-in multivitamin complex. Berries & Herbs contains no greens, yet more nucleic acids (390 mg), protein, and a built-in multivitamin. See our Rejuvenate! comparison page for more information.

“Should I take a vitamin C formula with antioxidants like PRO-C or one with Nrf2 activators like Ultimate Protector?”
Both provide vitamin C and Nrf2 activators, but Ultimate Protector provides more types of Nrf2 activators. Ultimate Protector capsules are smaller than PRO-C capsules, so a daily dose may require taking more capsules.

“How important are hydrogen supplements?”
Very important for energy production, recovery, antioxidant functions, and gut health. Hydrogen supplements like Active H2 and Megahydrate ensure high levels of hydrogen are available in the body.

What are your best products for supporting gut health?
It depends on your needs: cleansing (Intestinal Rejuvenation Formula), probiotic/microbiome support (Prescript-Assist™), or tightening tight junctions in the gut (RESTORE)? We offer products for all these purposes.

These are just a few questions frequently asked about HPDI foundational supplements. If you need more information about products, please contact the HPDI office (800-228-4265) or email support@healthproductsdistributors.com.

You can also contact Fred Liers, PhD (520-400-0155) or Hank Liers, PhD (formulator) with questions you may have regarding products, ingredients, or formulation.

SOURCES AND RESOURCES

Foundational Supplements

HPDI Full Product Overview

The Need for Foundational Supplements (.pdf)

The HPDI Difference (4 Pillars of Formulation)

HPDI BLOG ARTICLES

Amending the HPDI Foundational Supplements Program

Foundational Supplements Remain Fundamental

Vitamin C / Antioxidants

PRO-C and Ultimate Protector Comparison

Questions and Answers about Ultimate Protector

The Amazing Healing Potential of Natural Nrf2 Activators

Ultimate Protector™: First Impressions

Ultimate Protector™ Brunswick Labs ORAC5.0™ Test Results

Preventing Free-Radical Damage Using Ultimate Protector™

Description and Comparison of ORAC Tests for Well Known Plant Ingredients and Ultimate Protector™

Ultimate Protector and the Role of Foundational Supplements for Health

Natural Phytochemical Nrf2 Activators for Chemoprevention

New Directions for Preventing Free Radical Damage

Review of Scientific Research on Oligomeric Proanthocyanidins (OPC)” by Dr. Hank Liers

“Vitamin C – An Amazing Nutrient” by Dr. Hank Liers

Rejuvenate! Superfoods

Rejuvenate! Berries & Herbs: Ingredients for Optimal Nutrition

9 Things to Know About Rejuvenate!™ Superfoods

High-RNA Rejuvenate!™ Superfood

Get Results with Rejuvenate! Superfoods

Dietary RNA for Athletic Performance

DIETARY NUCLEIC ACIDS – DR. BENJAMIN S. FRANK, PART 1

DIETARY NUCLEIC ACIDS – DR. BENJAMIN S. FRANK, PART 2

Super-Tasty Morning Nutritional Drinks

Hydrogen

The Science Behind Megahydrate

Hydrogen for Optimal Health

Wonders of Molecular Hydrogen

Gut Health

Gut Health – Effects of Glyphosate and Antibiotics

Gut Health – Intestinal Rejuvenation Formula

PRODUCTS

Vitamin formulas, including multivitamins

Mighty Multi-Vite!

Multi Two Caps

Rejuvenate!™ Berries & Herbs

Rejuvenate!™ PLUS

Rejuvenate!™ (Original)

Rejuvenate! Superfoods: Product Comparison

Ultimate Protector™ Nrf2 Activator (vitamin C/antioxidant)

PRO-C (Vitamin C/Antioxidant formula)

Intestinal Rejuvenation Formula (gut health)

Restore For Gut Health (lignite formula)

Active H2 (hydrogen)

Megahydrate (hydrogen)

Prescript-Assist™ (probiotic/prebiotic)

HPDI FOUNDATIONAL SUPPLEMENTS

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AMENDING THE HPDI FOUNDATIONAL SUPPLEMENTS PROGRAM

Dr. Hank Liers, PhDYears ago in the late 1980s, I found from experience that people’s health improved significantly when they used a foundational nutritional supplements program.

The reasons behind people’s need for foundational supplements: 1) Nutritionally deficient diets, 2) Excessive exposure to toxic chemicals, and 3) High levels of stress.

These reasons remain true today. But the three categories have become greater factors than previously. They seem to have gotten dramatically worse over time.

Due to these factors, and in light of new understandings based on scientific and clinical research, I have decided to amend the HPDI Foundational Supplements Program.

Consequently, in this article, I am introducing two new categories to the HPDI Foundational Program. These are: 1) Gut Health/Microbiome products and 2) Hydrogen products. The complete amended program is illustrated by the diagram below.

hpdi foundational supplements program

1.1. Diagram of the newly amended HPDI Foundational Supplements Program

HISTORY OF HPDI FOUNDATIONAL SUPPLEMENTS PROGRAM

The original HPDI foundational program was initially called the “Core Program” and consisted of a therapeutic multivitamin, a vitamin C/antioxidant  formula, and an essential fatty acid product. The essence of the foundation was based upon over 70 years of research during which the basic elements of nutrition were elucidated.

ADDING RNA TO THE CORE PROGRAM

When we became aware of the work of Dr. Benjamin S. Frank regarding ribonucleic acids (RNA) and the powerful affects RNA had on the body independently of the other nutritional components of the “Core Program”, it was clear that a new element was necessary and we developed and added High-RNA superfoods to our program.

At that time (circa 2005) we called it our HPDI Foundational Supplements Program. For more information on RNA see our blog articles entitled “DIETARY NUCLEIC ACIDS – DR. BENJAMIN S. FRANK, PART 1” and “DIETARY NUCLEIC ACIDS – DR. BENJAMIN S. FRANK, PART 2.”

hpdi foundational supplements program

Dr. Frank’s No-Aging Diet.

Amending the HPDI Foundational Supplements Program is a necessity based upon important new research and clinical studies. Even today many people do not understand the importance of RNA and its role in implementing the basic DNA structures of the body.

One reason that RNA has become so much more important than it was 40–50 years ago is that diets have basically become devoid of RNA. Muscle meats and processed foods have little RNA and the population is no longer eating sufficient high-RNA foods such as organ meats, fresh fish, and certain vegetables.

To learn more about the HPDI Foundational Supplements Program, click here to read our booklet “THE NEED FOR FOUNDATION SUPPLEMENTS.”

The Need for Foundational Supplements

What are foundational supplements? This booklet offers suggestions for improving intake of essential nutrients.

ADDING GUT HEALTH / MICROBIOME TO THE FOUNDATIONAL PROGRAM

More recently, the scientific community has discovered the importance of the human microbiome to our health. It is known there are about 10 times more bacterial cells living on and in the human body than the number of cells in our body. The amount of DNA carried by these bacterial cells is about 100 times the amount in our cells!! Many of these bacterial cells reside in the human gut. It is proven that these gut bacteria play a major role in keeping us healthy.

The issue of of how to create a healthy human microbiome is very complex. The problems start with how we grow our food. Beneficial, natural soil bacteria play an important role in helping to create healthy gut bacteria.

Yet, farming methods over the last 50-60 years have been oriented to the use of herbicides, pesticides, and synthetic fertilizers. These methods have basically destroyed much of the healthy bacteria in our soils. This means these bacteria cannot be passed on to the human gut.

In addition, the overuse of antibiotics in both animals and humans has further destroyed more of the healthy bacteria available to us.

According to Dr. Zachary Bush, healthy gut bacteria protect us from conditions of leaky gut. Without the healthy gut bacteria humans develop conditions of leaky gut, which leads to toxicity in the body from a variety of sources including pesticides (especially Roundup/glyphosate), antibiotics, medications, gluten, anti-inflammatories (such as ibuprofen), etc.

The story of how this all happens is clearly described by Dr. Bush in the video below (How to Fix Leaky Gut – CHTV 110).

Recent findings regarding the human microbiome clearly indicate the absolute necessity of finding ways to build a strong human microbiome. There are multiple ways a person can do this including healthy diets, avoidance of toxic chemicals and drugs, and with the use of certain supplements.

Dr. Bush has discovered a supplement using redox molecules found in lignite. These molecules were deposited in the lignite material millions of years ago by a broad range of healthy soil bacteria.

By extracting and activating these molecules and putting them into a liquid product called RESTORE™ he found that when people consumed this liquid they could regenerate a broad range of good bacteria in the gut (20,000–30,000 species). He also found they could simultaneously repair conditions of leaky gut. RESTORE™ also significantly helps with dehydration issues, which is another key factor in achieving good health.

Restore gut health hpdi foundational supplements program

Based on the importance of having a broad range of healthy gut bacteria and a robust microbiome—and RESTORE’s ability to cause this to happen—we have chosen to add RESTORE™ to  our amended HPDI Foundational program. HPDI is now carrying this product in 8 oz and 32 oz sizes. This product should be taken daily at an appropriate dose for you (up to 3 tablespoons daily).

ADDING HYDROGEN TO THE HPDI FOUNDATIONAL PROGRAM

Hydrogen is among the most fundamental elements in the universe and makes up a large percentage of all molecules. It is known that hydrogen and oxygen are key ingredients in the mitochondria used to make ATP, the principal energy molecule of the human body.

What was not known about hydrogen until recently was its powerful ability to safely trap free radicals and to stimulate the production of ATP.

We have written several blog articles recently that document the tremendous power of hydrogen to heal many conditions in the human body including:  “The Science Behind Megahydrate“, “Molecular Hydrogen at the Forefront of Health Research” and “Wonders of Molecular Hydrogen“.

Many studies have been conducted over the past 20 years showing the power of hydrogen in either the molecular hydrogen form or the hydride form.

hydrogen hpdi foundational supplements program

More recently, a number of hydrogen products have become available. These include molecular hydrogen tablets, silica hydride capsules, molecular hydrogen drinks, water ionizers producing molecular hydrogen, molecular hydrogen water purifiers, etc.

Based upon the research and product availability, we are amending the HPDI Foundation Supplement program to include silica hydride capsules (Megahydrate™) and molecular hydrogen tablets (Active H2) under the category of hydrogen.

Megahydrate™also plays a major role in hydrating the cells of the body. It is now feasible for people to take hydrogen products on a daily basis at reasonable cost. The benefits can be immense!

SUMMARY

six element hpdi foundational supplements program

Based on current research—and the availability of breakthrough products—we have amended the HPDI Foundation Supplement Program. The recommended program now includes:

multivitamin-pie-small 1. Therapeutic Multivitamin, including Hank & Brian’s Mighty Multi-Vite! or Multi Two
vitamin-c-pie-small2. Vitamin C/Antioxidant formula like PRO-C or Ultimate Protector™
fats-pie-small3. Essential Fatty Acids formula like Hank & Brian’s Essential Fats plus E
rna-pie-small4. High-RNA Superfoods from our Rejuvenate!™ product line
gut-pie-small5. Gut Health/Microbiome products, including RESTORE™
hydrogen-pie-small6. Hydrogen products, including Megahydrate™ and Active H2

 

We believe that to achieve optimal health these six types of supplements ideally need to be taken on a daily basis.

Over the next several months, we will update our websites to document more fully the amendments we have introduced to the HPDI Foundational Supplements Program.

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES

  1. An interview (see link below) by Dr. Pompa of Dr. Stephanie Seneff provides extremely important information regarding how GMOs are destroying the health of so many people, especially our children (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2PidYStbzHY).
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BENEFITS OF LIPOSOMAL NUTRIENTS (LIPOSOMES)

Dr. Hank Liers, PhD liposomes liposomal nutrientsHealth Products Distributors, Inc. recently decided to carry both Glutathione and Vitamin C liposomal nutrients. Among the benefits of using liposomes are that significantly higher levels of glutathione and vitamin C can be delivered directly to the cells where they are needed. In this article, I will provide some of the basic information required to understand the benefits of these products.

Figure 1 shows the basic design of a liposome with the nutrient to be delivered in the center.

liposomes liposomal nutrients

Figure 1 – Liposome Diagram

liposome is a spherical vesicle having a lipid bilayer (see Figure 2). The liposome can be used as a vehicle for administration of nutrients. Liposomes can be prepared by disrupting biological membranes (such as by sonification). Liposomes are most often composed of phospholipids, especially phosphatidylcholine derived from soy or sunflower lecithin.

liposomes liposomal nutrients

Figure 2 – Cross-Section of Liposome

DISCOVERY OF LIPOSOMES

Liposomes were first described by British haematologist Alec D. Bangham in 1961, at the Babraham Institute, in Cambridge. They were discovered during testing of the institute’s new electron microscope by adding negative stain to dry phospholipids. The microscope pictures served as the first evidence for the cell membrane being a bilayer lipid structure. Their integrity as a closed, bilayer structure, that could release its contents after detergent treatment was established during the next year. Bangham and colleagues Jeff Watkins and Malcolm Standish subsequently wrote a paper in 1965 that effectively launched the liposome industry.

MECHANISMS OF LIPOSOMES

A liposome has an aqueous solution core surrounded by a hydrophobic (water hating) membrane, in the form of a lipid bilayer. Hydrophilic (water-loving) solutes dissolved in the core cannot readily pass through the bilayer. Hydrophobic chemicals associate with the bilayer. A liposome can be loaded with hydrophobic and/or and hydrophilic molecules. To deliver the molecules to a site of action, the lipid bilayer can fuse with other bilayers such as the cell membrane, thus delivering the liposome contents directly to the cell.

DIETARY AND NUTRITIONAL SUPPLEMENTS

Until recently the use of liposomes were primarily directed at targeted drug delivery. However, the versatile abilities of liposomes are now being discovered in other settings. Liposomes are presently being cleverly implemented for the specific oral delivery of certain dietary and nutritional supplements.

A small number of dietary and nutritional supplement companies are currently pioneering the benefits of this unique science towards this new application. This new direction and employment of liposome science is in part due to the low absorption and bioavailability rates of some oral dietary supplement ingredients such as glutathione. Therefore the natural encapsulation of lypophilic and hydrophilic nutrients within liposomes (see Figure 3) has made for a very effective method of bypassing certain elements of the gastric system and aiding the encapsulated nutrient to be delivered directly to the cells and tissues through the lymphatic system.

liposomes liposomal nutrients

Figure 3 – Liposome Cutaway

 

It is important to note that certain influential factors have far reaching effects on the percentage of liposome that are yielded in manufacturing. These influences also have an effect on the actual amount of realized liposome entrapment and the actual quality of the liposomes themselves. These are very crucial elements which lead to the long-term stability of the liposomes. These complex yet significant factors are the following: 1) The actual manufacturing method and preparation of the liposomes themselves; 2) The constitution, quality, and type of raw phospholipid used in the formulation and manufacturing of the liposomes; 3) The ability to create homogeneous liposome particle sizes that are stable and hold their encapsulated payload. These primary and key elements comprise the foundation of an effective liposome carrier for use in increasing the bioavailability of oral dosages of dietary and nutritional supplements.

OUR SUPPLIER HAS IDENTIFIED HOW TO MAKE
HIGH-QUALITY LIPOSOMAL SUPPLEMENTS (LIPOSOMES)

Our supplier, Livon Labs has spent years researching the best formulation techniques and manufacturing processes for liposome encapsulated supplements. As part of this research, they analyzed a broad range liposomal supplements.  This is what was learned:

Liposomal Supplements Must Use Phospholipids Suitable for Making Liposomes. In order to make strong, stable liposomes that can encapsulate nutrients and not “break apart” too easily, it is important to use Phospholipids from highly refined sources that have a natural mix of phospholipids, including a high percentage of Phosphatidylcholine (PC) and Phosphatidylethanolamine (PE).

Some products are made with low-quality soy lecithin, which does not have the proper percentage of PC or PE to make liposomes. This type of lecithin is typically used as a food additive, and should not be used in liposomal supplements.

They have found that Phospholipids extracted from non-GMO soy lecithin work the best for high-quality, affordable liposomal supplements. While a very high intake of unrefined soy ingested as food may contain tiny amounts of undesirable substances, the intake of highly refined and purified phospholipids derived from soy lecithin does not pose much risk. In fact, they have not found any evidence of anyone being harmed by the regular intake of phospholipids extracted from non-GMO soy lecithin. (Some manufacturers use a high-quality non-GMO sunflower lecithin.)

Liposomal Supplements Must Have at Least an Equal Ratio of Phospholipids to Key Nutrients. By analyzing many commercial and homemade products, it was found that most of them are of poor quality. Some are merely emulsions.  This means the nutrients are simply mixed with a small amount of low-quality phospholipids or lecithin, and there are very few liposomes, if any at all.

One indicator of an emulsion is the amount of phospholipids or lecithin in the product. For proper liposome encapsulation, you must have at least an equal amount of phospholipids and nutrients. If the phospholipids or lecithin are listed as “Other Ingredients,” it is very likely there is not enough material to create any liposomes, even if the production process is otherwise appropriate.

Some companies choose to make emulsions and call them “Liposomal Supplements” because they are easy and inexpensive to produce.

If you take an emulsion that contains lecithin and a nutrient like vitamin C, you may see overall good results since both components are excellent supplements individually. You will not, however, be able to experience the potentially exceptional results offered by products using real Liposome Encapsulation Technology.

Liposomal Supplements Must Be Protected from Oxygen. Liposomes are a natural fit for water-soluble nutrients that are not otherwise bioavailable. But the process of making stable, quality liposomes is tricky. Liposomes are sensitive to factors such as heat and oxygen.  The inherent stability (and in some cases instability), of the phospholipids and each nutrient also play an important role in the overall stability of liposomal products. Getting all of these things exactly right, then assuring the liposomes and nutrients remain stable throughout the product’s shelf life is key.

One way to enhance the stability of a liposomal product is through uni-dose packaging. Many of the liposomal products that have been analyzed are stored in jars, plastic bottles, or even capsules within bottles. Opening the bottle to remove the product exposes the remaining product to heat, light and oxygen. This can be detrimental to the liposomes, and can cause rapid degradation of the nutrients.

Uni-dose packaging protects the product from oxygen until moments before it’s consumed, keeping it safe and effective throughout the shelf-life of the product.

Three Additional Signs of a Low-Quality Liposomal Supplement:
1) Consistency. If the product is very watery, it is most likely due to an insufficient amount of phospholipids or the use of low quality phospholipids.
2) Uniformity. If the product separates into layers, it is a strong indicator the liposomal mixture is deteriorating. On the other hand, if there are noticeable lumps or the product feels gritty, it is a sign that the nutrients are coming out of the liposomes and forming crystals.
3) Size. If the volume of the dosage is too small, there are not enough phospholipids and water to make proper liposomes.  For example, 1,000 mg of vitamin C and 1,000 mg of phospholipids, along with the necessary amount of water for proper liposome formation, will fill a teaspoon (5 ml).  It is not likely this amount of material could fit into one or even two large-sized capsules.

EFFECTS OF LIPOSOMAL SUPPLEMENTS

Liposomal supplements effects are significantly increased as far as mental and physical potency, due to increased absorption into the system. The effects of specific supplements are increased to extreme degrees, because higher doses can be taken of vitamins and minerals with minimal side effects endured and because they are delivered directly to the cellular structures where they are needed.

As an example of the power of these liposomal supplements, Dr. Thomas Levy (who has extensive experience with liposomal supplements) states “My clinical opinion is that one gram of properly-produced and orally-ingested liposome-encapsulated vitamin C is as or more effective than 5 to 10 grams of vitamin C given intravenously, for an acute viral syndrome”.

LONG-TERM BENEFITS

Over the long-term, the added benefits of liposomal products include, increased vitality and immune support, lowered tolerance to the substances (even at high dosages and when taken over long periods of time) administered, and supplements lasting much longer due to the increased strength. Liposomals are now attached to some of the strongest, most popular and most well known anti-oxidants in the world (e.g., glutathione, curcumin, R-lipoic acid, and vitamin C), and are becoming a mainstream phenomenon in the supplement industry.

SHORT-TERM BENEFITS

Many users of liposomal supplements decide to do so in order to reap many of the short-term health benefits they can offer, which include increased energy throughout the day and a much brightened mood.

THE BOTTOM LINE FOR LIPOSOMES

There are many liposomal supplements from which to choose. Some are effective, many are not. The key is finding the liposomal supplements that work best for you from a company you can trust. We have chosen LivOn Labs, company that offers a 100% Lifetime Satisfaction Guarantee so you can try the Lypo-Spheric™ products for yourself. If you are not satisfied, at any time, you can return the unused portion for a full refund.

liposomes liposomal nutrients

click here to learn more

Contact Us:

You can reach HPDI by calling 1-800-228-4265, email support(at)IntegratedHealth.com, or visit the retail website: www.IntegratedHealth.com

Health care professionals and retailers can apply for wholesale account, which includes access to the HPDI reseller website: www.HealthProductsDistributors.com

2

Frequently Asked Questions About Our Products

Dr. Hank Liers, PhD productsWe frequently receive questions about our products and share the answers with you on our blog. If you have questions please e-mail us at support(at)integratedhealth.com. We will answer your questions directly, and likely include your question and our answer in a future products FAQ blog article.

 

 

Q. How Much Protein is in Rejuvenate! Plus and What are the Sources?

Rejuvenate! PlusA. The protein (11.7 gm total per serving) profile in Rejuvenate! Plus is 30% rice protein (organic & non-GMO), 16% vegetable sprouts/pea protein (organic), 11% hemp protein (organic), 11% protein from chlorella, 9% protein from alfalfa grass, 7% from spirulina (Hawaii Pacifica), 6% from flax seeds (organic), 3% from nutritional yeast, and the rest from miscellaneous other ingredients. This is a beautiful blend of a large number of healthy protein sources!!

The rice protein we do use amounts to 5.0 gm per 31 gram serving and is a blend of 80% Orzatein (organic) from China and 47.5% non-gmo grown in California. The net amount of the 80% orzatein (organic) from China in the product is 3.3 grams (a small amount!). Please be advised that we routinely test Rejuvenate! Plus for heavy metals and have never seen significant amounts of any heavy metals.

Personally, four members of my family including me take 1 or 2 servings of Rejuvenate! Plus daily and have done so for many years with excellent results. We are very particular about the foods we put in our body!!

Q. What are the Sources of Enzymes, Soy, and Vitamin D3 in Rejuvenate! Plus?

A. The enzymes are plant based. Protease Enzymes from Aspergillus oryzae ferment. Cellulase Enzymes from Trichoderma oryzae ferment. Alpha-Galactosidase enzymes from Aspergillus niger ferment. CereCalase enzymes (contains hemicellulase, beta-glucanase & phytase) from Aspergillus niger ferment.

The product contains d-alpha tocopheryl succinate. This ingredient is characterized as “soy-antigen free” because of the way it is processed. PCR testing reveals no soy protein even though it originally comes from soy. High-gamma mixed tocopherols is characterized as “soy-antigen free” because of the way it is processed. PCR testing reveals no soy protein even though it originally comes from soy.

The Vitamin D3 is extracted from lanolin. Lanolin is extracted from wool (sheep).

Q. What Form of Vitamin B3 is in Rejuvenate! Plus and will It Cause Flushing?

A. There is 40 mg of the B3 in Rejuvenate! Plus as niacinamide. This form of B3 will not cause flushing.

Q. What Part of the Aloe Vera Plant is in Your Rejuvenate Plus Product?

A. Rejuvenate! Plus contains Organic ActivAloe® 200:1 from gel that is made into a powder.

Q. Do Your Rejuvenate! Products Contain Any Nut or Soy Allergens?

Rejuveante OriginalA. I checked with the manufacturer and was assured that there is no soy or nut allergens in the Rejuvenate, Rejuvenate Plus, or Rejuvenate Berries & Herbs products.

Q. How Do You Make Rejuvenate! Original Lemonade?

A. Rejuvenate! Original lemonade consists of one scoop of Rejuvenate! Original, 2–3 tablespoons of organic lemon juice (fresh or Santa Cruz brand), and 2–3 tablespoons of organic grade B maple syrup. Put these ingredients in a one-quart glass Mason jar and fill with purified water (and maybe some ice made from purified water). Some people like to add a bit of cayenne. This is a great summertime drink!

Q. How Much Rice Bran Oil is in Complete E?

A. There is approximately 250 mg of rice bran oils per capsule in addition to the Vitamin E. The profile of fatty acids is approximately 38% monounsaturated, 37% polyunsaturated, and 25% saturated fatty acids. This amounts to about 100 mg of polyunsaturated fatty acids per capsule. Very little, but useful!

Q. I Want to Know More About the Black Soybean Hull Extract in Ultimate Protector.

up-product-includesA. Black soybean hull extract contains a high percentage of polyphenols (greater than 60% and as high as 100%) including 10–45% anthocyanidins, 10–25% catechins, and 40–80% OPC. There is unlikely to be any soy protein or phytoestrogens in the product due to the extraction processes used. (See: http://www.google.com/patents/US8206764).

Q. I Want to know How Much Caffeine is in Ultimate Protector.

A. A study done on CoffeeBerry extract shows a 0.44% caffeine content. Since each capsule contains 45 mg of the extract the amount of caffeine per capsule is about 0.2 mg (or 1.2 mg per serving of 6 capsules). (See: http://www.nutritionaloutlook.com/news/study-compares-higher-antioxidant-coffee-fruit-extract-coffee-powder).

Q. I Want to Know More About the Blue Corn Extract in Ultimate Protector, and if it contains aspergillus mold.

A. Ultimate Protector contains an extract of blue corn optimized for the anthocyanidin content. Due to the extraction process, it is unlikely that the final material contains any aspergillus. Also, since there is only a small amount of blue corn extract in the product (I estimate less than 5 mg per capsule) it is even more unlikely that aspergillus is a problem.

Q. Does the Vitamin C in Ultimate Protector contain Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)?

A. The process of producing Vitamin C involves using the starting material of d-glucose derived from plant materials such as corn, beets, potatoes, cassava, etc. (See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reichstein_process). Each of these starting materials will contain some protein that could be in part from genetically modified materials. In most cases—especially in the production of USP grade materials that we use in Ultimate Protector™—the protein will be completely removed. As a precaution that no genetically modified protein remains, PCR testing is conducted (See: http://www.nongmoproject.org/product-verification/about-gmo-testing/guidelines/). The Vitamin C we use in Ultimate Protector™ has been tested using this method, and is certified by independent laboratories to contain no GMOs.

Q. Is There Any Vitamin E in Ultimate Protector Product?

A. There is no Vitamin E in Ultimate Protector. The Vitamin C per cap is 250 mg which is 415% of the Vitamin C RDA. Once in the body, the Vitamin C is able to regenerate oxidized Vitamin E to its unoxidized form. The other main ingredients in Ultimate Protector are plant-based antioxidants (external) and other plant-based substances (called Nrf2 activators) that stimulate the body to make it own antioxidants (internal). In this regard, it is a very powerful supplement!

Q. What are the Plant Sources in Ultimate Protector that provide High ORAC5.0 Values?

A. There are six ingredients that provide high ORAC values. Three of these ingredients (AnthoComplete®, VitaBerry® Plus, and VitaVeggie®) are a mixture of extracts from a wide range of fruits and vegetables. Below each of the ingredients are listed along with website/product information:

1) AnthoComplete® from Futureceuticals (http://www.futureceuticals.com/products/anthocomplete™),
2) CoffeeBerry® Forte from Futureceuticals (http://www.futureceuticals.com/products/coffee-fruit),
3) VitaBerry® Plus from Futureceuticals (http://www.futureceuticals.com/products/vitaberry®),
4) VitaVeggie® from Futureceuticals (http://www.futureceuticals.com/products/vitaveggie®).
5) Resveratrol (98% min.) is derived from the Giant Knotweed (Polygonum cuspidatum)
6) Curcumin (95% min. curcuminoids) from Sabinsa (http://www.sabinsa.com/products/standardized-phytoextracts/c3/)

All of these sources are non-GMO. None of our sources claim organic. This in part may be because they are extracts and as such may have been processed in a manner not considered to be organic. Please consider that this is a nutritional supplement and not a food.

Q. What Form of 5-MTHF Do You Use in Your Products?

A. We use only the Quatrefolic form of folate made by the Italian company Gnosis. See: http://www.quatrefolic.com/4thGeneration.html. This contains only the active non-racemic form of folate and no folic acid. Quatrefolic®, provides the metabolic reduced form utilized and stored in the human body – (6S)-5-methyltetrahydrofolate.

Q. Why is the Number of Organisms in Your Prescript-Assist™ Formula Low Compared to Other Probiotics?

A. It turns out that it’s an example of the old story of trying to compare apples to oranges. SBO (soil-based organisms), the type found in Prescript Assist, are much more hardy and not destroyed as easily by pH differences in your stomach and intestines like the traditional lactic acid probiotics that have crowded the refrigerators in health food stores for many years.

Have you noticed that in recent years typical probiotics have gone from 5–10 million CFUs (Colony-Forming Units) to 30–50 million CFUs? Why are all of these probiotic formulas competing on this level? Because lactic-acid based probiotics are killed off by the millions on their journey through your stomach acids and the pH changes in the intestines. Very few make it to their intended target and even fewer colonize there very well once they make it compared to the sturdier SBOs.

Prescript AssistSoil-Based Organisms (SBO) are extremely hardy and can make this journey with far, far more organisms colonizing their target. They also do not degrade when kept at room temperature for many months. They do not have to be refrigerated like the traditional lactic acid probiotics, which lose their potency and effectiveness quickly when left unrefrigerated or when they are shipped through the mail without dry ice.

Prescript-Assist goes even a step further by providing prebiotics for the SBOs so that when they arrive in your lower intestinal tract, they have the preferred foods necessary for quick colonization and growth. The 29 strains they have chosen for this product are far more comprehensive than traditional probiotics that have 5–10 strains.

Q. Is Prescript-Assist Toxic?

A. Over the last 10 years a very large number of people have taken Prescript Assist with excellent results. The overall statistics say that it works and is generally safe.

It is true that some people have felt that Prescript-Assist has not helped them and in fact they may feel worse. My assessment of this is that these people have severe gut dysbiosis and experience die-off like symptoms upon taking it. These individuals need to go more slowly and do a detoxification/cleansing program while using Prescript Assist. I recommend taking supplements such as HPDI’s Intestinal Rejuvenation Formula, digestive enzymes (Prolyt and Digase), and Dr. Richard Schultze’s Intestinal Formula #1 (if you are blocked, i.e., sluggish bowel).

Also, doing a juice flush could be important. So many people have a lifetimes’s buildup of fecal matter in their systems. Taking a single pill alone is not the solution. Doing an overall cleansing and having a good nutritional program is important for most people. Some professionals recommend that after an initial round of Prescript-Assist you only need to take a few capsules per week to maintain a healthy gut bacteria profile. You can read more about it here: http://www.prescript-assist.com/products/?gclid=CNSBvs7m3cUCFUuTfgodSp8AqQ

Q. What is the Purity of Fish Liver Oil in Your Vitamin D3 Plus Product?

Vitamin D3 PlusA: I am always careful when formulating any product to minimize any potential toxins. Vitamin D3 and Vitamin A from fish liver oils, as are found in the HPDI Vitamin D3 Plus formula, are highly concentrated sources which means that only milligram amounts are needed. This in itself means that there would be very low levels of toxins. This is verified by testing that shows mercury levels of less than 0.003 ppm, lead levels of less than 0.005 ppm, cadmium levels of less than 0.002 ppm, and arsenic levels of less than 0.004 ppm. By ‘less than’ it means the amounts are below the detection limits. Very low, indeed!

Q. Can the Licorice in Your Intestinal Rejuvenation Formula Cause High Blood Pressure?

irf-product-includesA. The licorice in Intestinal Rejuvenation Formula is from the powdered root of organically grown licorice. Each serving contains 40 mg. It is highly unlikely that this amount of the whole root could cause blood pressure issues.

 

Contact Us:

You can reach HPDI by calling 1-800-228-4265, email support(at)IntegratedHealth.com, or visit the retail website: www.IntegratedHealth.com

Health care professionals and retailers can apply for wholesale account, which includes access to the HPDI reseller website: www.HealthProductsDistributors.com

 

0

ULTIMATE PROTECTOR INGREDIENTS – RESVERATROL

Dr. Hank Liers, PhD biography about us HPDI integratedhealth formulator founder CEO scientist physicist wild bilberry and wild blueberry

Ultimate Protector contains resveratrol, as well as components from 29 different fruits, vegetables, and herbs. Each of these ingredients contain substances that may be considered to be polyphenols, antioxidants, and Nrf2 activators. In this article I will explore the ingredient resveratrol, which is added as a separate ingredient in addition to being a component in VitaBerry Plus® from Futureceuticals.

Resveratrol (3,5,4′-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a stilbenoid, a type of natural phenol, and a phytoalexin produced naturally by several plants in response to injury or when the plant is under attack by pathogens such as bacteria and fungi. Natural sources of resveratrol include giant knotweed (Polygonum cuspidatum) and the skin of grapes, blueberries, raspberries, and mulberries. Resveratrol has two isomers: cis and trans, with the latter being the most abundant.  Piceid, also known as polydatin, is a glucoside form of resveratrol found in Japanese knotweed. HPDI includes the very pure 99% resveratrol form from giant knotweed in Ultimate Protector. This material contains greater than 96% of the trans form.

giant knotweed resveratrol

Knotweed (Polygonum cuspidatum) is a major source for resveratrol.

 

VITABERRY PLUS®

VitaBerry® (N1023) is the trade name for a line of high ORAC blends of fruit powders and fruit extracts, exclusively available through FutureCeuticals.

VitaBerry® is a proprietary formula that combines wild bilberry and wild blueberry, cranberry, raspberry, strawberry, prune, cherry, and grape whole powders and extracts into lines of custom blends. High in fruit polyphenols, anthocyanins, proanthocyanins, ellagic acid, chlorogenic acid, resveratrol, and quinic acid, VitaBerry offers 6,000 ORAC units in a single gram.

VitaBerry® Plus (N81.3) combines the standard blend of VitaBerry® with resveratrol and quercetin to deliver a minimum of 12,000 ORAC units per gram.

HEALTH BENEFITS OF RESVERATROL

Resveratrol provides anti-oxidant protection, boosts cellular energy, and balances the immune system. It has been proven in studies to activate the SIRT1 longevity gene and enhance cellular productivity. Several research studies have shown that trans-resveratrol significantly modulates biomarkers of bone metabolism, inhibits pro-inflammatory enzymes such as COX-1 and COX-2, and exhibits chemopreventive properties, cardioprotective effects, neuroprotective properties, and caloric restrictive behavior. Trans-resveratrol has shown the ability to increase the number of mitochondria thereby increasing total daily energy. Studies have shown that trans-resveratrol promotes an increase in mitochondrial function, that translates into an increase in energy availability, improved aerobic capacity, and enhanced sensorimotor function. Resveratrol has been shown to be a powerful Nrf2 activator that can support the body’s endogenous production of protective enzymes.

Scientific Studies on the Antioxidant Effects of Resveratrol

Databases of scientific studies (like the National Institutes of Health (NIH) PubMed database) contain thousands of up-to-date studies and abstracts about resveratrol

Below, we provide a few relevant scientific studies on the antioxidant effects and potential health benefits of resveratrol.

Resveratrol confers endothelial protection via activation of the antioxidant transcription factor Nrf2.

Abstract

Epidemiological studies suggest that Mediterranean diets rich in resveratrol are associated with reduced risk of coronary artery disease. Resveratrol was also shown to confer vasoprotection in animal models of type 2 diabetes and aging. However, the mechanisms by which resveratrol exerts its antioxidative vasculoprotective effects are not completely understood. Using a nuclear factor-E(2)-related factor-2 (Nrf2)/antioxidant response element-driven luciferase reporter gene assay, we found that in cultured coronary arterial endothelial cells, resveratrol, in a dose-dependent manner, significantly increases transcriptional activity of Nrf2. Accordingly, resveratrol significantly upregulates the expression of the Nrf2 target genes NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1, gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase, and heme oxygenase-1. Resveratrol treatment also significantly attenuated high glucose (30 mM)-induced mitochondrial and cellular oxidative stress (assessed by flow cytometry using MitoSox and dihydroethidine staining). The aforementioned effects of resveratrol were significantly attenuated by the small interfering RNA downregulation of Nrf2 or the overexpression of Kelch-like erythroid cell-derived protein 1, which inactivates Nrf2. To test the effects of resveratrol in vivo, we used mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD), which exhibit increased vascular oxidative stress associated with an impaired endothelial function. In HFD-fed Nrf2(+/+) mice, resveratrol treatment attenuates oxidative stress (assessed by the Amplex red assay), improves acetylcholine-induced vasodilation, and inhibits apoptosis (assessed by measuring caspase-3 activity and DNA fragmentation) in branches of the femoral artery. In contrast, the aforementioned endothelial protective effects of resveratrol were diminished in HFD-fed Nrf2(-/-) mice. Taken together, our results indicate that resveratrol both in vitro and in vivo confers endothelial protective effects which are mediated by the activation of Nrf2.

 

Mitochondrial Protection by Resveratrol

From: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/745451

Abstract

Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress are thought to play important roles in mammalian aging. Resveratrol is a plant-derived polyphenol that exerts diverse antiaging activities, mimicking some of the molecular and functional effects of dietary restriction. This review focuses on the molecular mechanisms underlying the mitochondrial protective effects of resveratrol, which could be exploited for the prevention or amelioration of age-related diseases in the elderly.

Introduction

Age-specific mortality rates from heart disease, stroke, complications of diabetes, Alzheimer disease, and cancer increase exponentially with age, which imposes a huge financial burden on the health care systems in the Western world. There is an urgent need for effective therapeutic strategies that have the potential to promote health in the elderly, simultaneously preventing or delaying the development of various diseases of aging. During the past decade, dietary supplementation with resveratrol (3,5,4′-trihydroxystilbene) has emerged as a promising approach to counteract age-related diseases. Resveratrol is a naturally occurring polyphenol found in more than 70 species of plants, including grapes (Vitis vinifera), cranberries (Vaccinium macrocarpon), and peanuts (Arachis hypogaea), which was shown to confer diverse physiological effects in laboratory animals including cancer protection, microvascular protection, neuroprotection, cardioprotection, and antidiabetic effects. In this review, we consider the evidence in support of the hypothesis that mitochondrial protective effects of resveratrol underlie its antiaging action that can prevent/delay the development of age-related diseases in the cardiovascular system and other organs. The use of resveratrol as a dietary supplement to promote mitochondrial health in the elderly and diabetic patients is discussed.

 

Resveratrol induces glutathione synthesis by activation of Nrf2 and protects against cigarette smoke-mediated oxidative stress in human lung epithelial cells

From: http://ajplung.physiology.org/content/294/3/L478 

Abstract

Nuclear erythroid-related factor 2 (Nrf2), a redox-sensitive transcription factor, is involved in transcriptional regulation of many antioxidant genes, including glutamate-cysteine ligase (GCL). Cigarette smoke (CS) is known to cause oxidative stress and deplete glutathione (GSH) levels in alveolar epithelial cells. We hypothesized that resveratrol, a polyphenolic phytoalexin, has antioxidant signaling properties by inducing GSH biosynthesis via the activation of Nrf2 and protects lung epithelial cells against CS-mediated oxidative stress. Treatment of human primary small airway epithelial and human alveolar epithelial (A549) cells with CS extract (CSE) dose dependently decreased GSH levels and GCL activity, effects that were associated with enhanced production of reactive oxygen species. Resveratrol restored CSE-depleted GSH levels by upregulation of GCL via activation of Nrf2 and also quenched CSE-induced release of reactive oxygen species. Interestingly, CSE failed to induce nuclear translocation of Nrf2 in A549 and small airway epithelial cells. On the contrary, Nrf2 was localized in the cytosol of alveolar and airway epithelial cells due to CSE-mediated posttranslational modifications such as aldehyde/carbonyl adduct formation and nitration. On the other hand, resveratrol attenuated CSE-mediated Nrf2 modifications, thereby inducing its nuclear translocation associated with GCL gene transcription, as demonstrated by GCL-promoter reporter and Nrf2 small interfering RNA approaches. Thus resveratrol attenuates CSE-mediated GSH depletion by inducing GSH synthesis and protects epithelial cells by reversing CSE-induced posttranslational modifications of Nrf2. These data may have implications in dietary modulation of antioxidants in treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

 

Effect of Nrf2 activators on release of glutathione, cysteinylglycine and homocysteine by human U373 astroglial cells

From: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2213231713000645

Abstract

Neurons rely on the release and subsequent cleavage of GSH to cysteinylglycine (CysGly) by astrocytes in order to maintain optimal intracellular GSH levels. In neurodegenerative diseases characterised by oxidative stress, neurons need an optimal GSH supply to defend themselves against free radicals released from activated microglia and astroglia. The rate of GSH synthesis is controlled largely by the activity of γ-glutamyl cysteine ligase. Expression of γ-glutamyl cysteine ligase and of the Xc- system, which facilitates cystine uptake, is regulated by the redox-sensitive transcription factor, nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2). Compounds that can activate the Nrf2-ARE pathway, referred to as ‘Nrf2 activators’ are receiving growing attention due to their potential as GSH-boosting drugs.

This study compares four known Nrf2 activators, R-α-Lipoic acid (LA), tert-butylhydroquinone (TBHQ), sulforaphane (SFN) and Polygonum cuspidatum extract containing 50% resveratrol (PC-Res) for their effects on astroglial release of GSH and CysGly. GSH levels increased dose-dependently in response to all four drugs. Sulforaphane produced the most potent effect, increasing GSH by up to 2.4-fold. PC-Res increased GSH up to 1.6-fold, followed by TBHQ (1.5-fold) and LA (1.4-fold). GSH is processed by the ectoenzyme, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, to form CysGly. Once again, SFN produced the most potent effect, increasing CysGly by up to 1.7-fold, compared to control cells. TBHQ and PC-Res both induced fold increases of 1.3, followed by LA with a fold increase of 1.2. The results from the present study showed that sulforaphane, followed by lipoic acid, resveratrol and Polygonum multiflorum were all identified as potent “GSH and Cys-Gly boosters”.

Resveratrol Upregulates Nrf2 Expression To Attenuate Methylglyoxal-Induced Insulin Resistance in Hep G2 Cells

From: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf302831d

Abstract

Oxidative stress can result in insulin resistance, a primary cause of type-2 diabetes. Methylglyoxal (MG), a highly reactive dicarbonyl metabolite generated during glucose metabolism, has also been confirmed to cause pancreatic injury and induce inflammation, thereby resulting in insulin resistance. Recently, resveratrol has been reported to exert antioxidant properties, protecting cells from the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). The aim of this study was to evaluate resveratrol activation of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) to attenuate MG-induced insulin resistance in Hep G2 cells. Therefore, the molecular signaling events affecting resveratrol-mediated heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and glyoxalase expression levels were further investigated in this study. Our findings indicated that resveratrol activated the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway but not the p38 or c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathways, subsequently leading to Nrf2 nuclear translocation and elevation of HO-1 and glyoxalase expression levels. Moreover, resveratrol significantly elevated glucose uptake and protected against MG-induced insulin resistance in Hep G2 cells. In contrast, depletion of Nrf2 by small interfering RNA (si-RNA) resulted in the abrogation of HO-1 and glyoxalase expression in the MG-treated resveratrol group in Hep G2 cells. Administration of an appropriate chemopreventive agent, such as resveratrol, may be an alternative strategy for protecting against MG-induced diabetes.

 

Resveratrol restores sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) activity and pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 1 (PDK1) expression after hemorrhagic injury in a rat model.

From: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24395567

 Abstract

Severe hemorrhage leads to decreased blood flow to tissues resulting in decreased oxygen and nutrient availability affecting mitochondrial function. A mitoscriptome profiling study demonstrated alteration in several genes related to mitochondria, consistent with the mitochondrial functional decline observed after trauma hemorrhage (T-H). Our experiments led to the identification of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) as a potential target in T-H. Administration of resveratrol (a naturally occurring polyphenol and activator of SIRT1) after T-H improved left ventricular function and tissue ATP levels. Our hypothesis was that mitochondrial function after T-H depends on SIRT1 activity. In this study, we evaluated the activity of SIRT1, a mitochondrial functional modulator, and the mitochondrial-glycolytic balance after T-H. We determined the changes in protein levels of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK)-1 and nuclear c-Myc, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator (PGC)-1α and NF-E2-related factor (NRF)2 after T-H and after treatment with resveratrol or a combination of sirtinol (a SIRT1 inhibitor) and resveratrol. We have also tested the activity of mitochondrial complex 1. SIRT1 enzyme activity was significantly decreased after T-H, whereas resveratrol treatment restored the activity. We found elevated PDK1 and c-Myc levels and decreased PGC-1α, NRF2 and mitochondrial complex I activity after T-H. The reduced SIRT1 activity after T-H may be related to declining mitochondrial function, since resveratrol was able to reinstate SIRT1 activity and mitochondrial function. The elevated level of PDK1 (an inhibitor of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex) after T-H indicates a possible shift in cellular energetics from mitochondria to glycolysis. In conclusion, SIRT1 modulation alters left ventricular function after T-H through regulation of cellular energetics.

 

Resveratrol suppresses PAI-1 gene expression in a human in vitro model of inflamed adipose tissue.

From: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23819014

 Abstract

Increased plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) levels are associated with a number of pathophysiological complications; among them is obesity. Resveratrol was proposed to improve obesity-related health problems, but the effect of resveratrol on PAI-1 gene expression in obesity is not completely understood. In this study, we used SGBS adipocytes and a model of human adipose tissue inflammation to examine the effects of resveratrol on the production of PAI-1. Treatment of SGBS adipocytes with resveratrol reduced PAI-1 mRNA and protein in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Further experiments showed that obesity-associated inflammatory conditions lead to the upregulation of PAI-1 gene expression which was antagonized by resveratrol. Although signaling via PI3K, Sirt1, AMPK, ROS, and Nrf2 appeared to play a significant role in the modulation of PAI-1 gene expression under noninflammatory conditions, those signaling components were not involved in mediating the resveratrol effects on PAI-1 production under inflammatory conditions. Instead, we demonstrate that the resveratrol effects on PAI-1 induction under inflammatory conditions were mediated via inhibition of the NF κ B pathway. Together, resveratrol can act as NF κ B inhibitor in adipocytes and thus the subsequently reduced PAI-1 expression in inflamed adipose tissue might provide a new insight towards novel treatment options of obesity.

 

Effects of resveratrol in experimental and clinical non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

From: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24799987

 Abstract

The prevalence of obesity and related conditions like non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is increasing worldwide and therapeutic options are limited. Alternative treatment options are therefore intensively sought after. An interesting candidate is the natural polyphenol resveratrol (RSV) that activates adenosinmonophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and silent information regulation-2 homolog 1 (SIRT1). In addition, RSV has known anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Here, we review the current evidence for RSV-mediated effects on NAFLD and address the different aspects of NAFLD and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) pathogenesis with respect to free fatty acid (FFA) flux from adipose tissue, hepatic de novo lipogenesis, inadequate FFA β-oxidation and additional intra- and extrahepatic inflammatory and oxidant hits. We review the in vivo evidence from animal studies and clinical trials. The abundance of animal studies reports a decrease in hepatic triglyceride accumulation, liver weight and a general improvement in histological fatty liver changes, along with a reduction in circulating insulin, glucose and lipid levels. Some studies document AMPK or SIRT1 activation, and modulation of relevant markers of hepatic lipogenesis, inflammation and oxidation status. However, AMPK/SIRT1-independent actions are also likely. Clinical trials are scarce and have primarily been performed with a focus on overweight/obese participants without a focus on NAFLD/NASH and histological liver changes. Future clinical studies with appropriate design are needed to clarify the true impact of RSV treatment in NAFLD/NASH patients.

 

Modulatory role of resveratrol on cytotoxic activity of cisplatin, sensitization and modification of cisplatin resistance in colorectal cancer cells.

From: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25815689

 Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of cancer-associated mortality worldwide. Cisplatin (CIS) is one of the most active cytotoxic agents in current use and it has proven efficacy against various human malignancies. However, its clinical usefulness has been restricted by detrimental side effects, including nephrotoxicity and myelosuppression. The aim of the present study was to attempt to decrease the required dose of CIS, in order to minimize its side effects, and increase its capability to arrest, delay or reverse carcinogenesis. In addition, the present study aimed to ameliorate CIS‑resistance in CRC cells, using the natural compound resveratrol (RSVL). RSVL (3,4′, 5‑trihydroxy‑trans‑stilbene) is a naturally occurring polyphenol present in the roots of white hellebore (Veratrum grandiflorum O. Loes) and extracted from >70 other plant species. RSVL can exert antioxidant and anti‑inflammatory activities, and it has been shown to be active in the regulation of numerous cellular events associated with carcinogenesis. The present study evaluated the effects of RSVL on sensitization of both parent and CIS‑resistant HCT‑116 CRC cells to the action of cisplatin. The CIS was administered at a dose of 5 and 20 µg/ml, and CIS cytotoxicity, apoptosis, cell cycle and cisplatin cellular uptake were examined in the presence and absence of RSVL (15 µg/ml). RSVL treatment showed anti‑proliferative effects and enhanced the cytotoxic effects of cis against the growth of both parent and CIS‑resistant HCT‑116 CRC cells, with a half maximal inhibitory concentration of 4.20 µg/ml and 4.72 µg/ml respectively. RSVL also induced a significant increase in the early apoptosis fraction and enhanced the subsequent apoptotic effects of CIS. The cellular uptake of CIS was significantly increased in the presence of RSVL, as compared with CIS treatment alone, and RSVL treatment sensitized the CIS‑resistant HCT‑116 cells. In conclusion, RSVL treatment increased the cytotoxic activity of CIS against the growth of both parent and CIS‑resistant HCT-116 CRC cells.

 

Resveratrol treatment rescues hyperleptinemia and improves hypothalamic leptin signaling programmed by maternal high-fat diet in rats.

From: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25801629

 Abstract

PURPOSE: Perinatal high-fat diet is associated with obesity and metabolic diseases in adult offspring. Resveratrol has been shown to exert antioxidant and anti-obesity actions. However, the effects of resveratrol on leptinemia and leptin signaling are still unknown as well as whether resveratrol treatment can improve metabolic outcomes programmed by maternal high-fat diet. We hypothesize that resveratrol treatment in male rats programmed by high-fat diet would decrease body weight and food intake, and leptinemia with changes in central leptin signaling.

METHODS: Female Wistar rats were divided into two groups: control group (C), which received a standard diet containing 9 % of the calories as fat, and high-fat group (HF), which received a diet containing 28 % of the calories as fat. Dams were fed in C or HF diet during 8 weeks before mating and throughout gestation and lactation. C and HF male offspring received standard diet throughout life. From 150 until 180 days of age, offspring received resveratrol (30 mg/Kg body weight/day) or vehicle (carboxymethylcellulose).

RESULTS: HF offspring had increased body weight, hyperphagia and increased subcutaneous and visceral fat mass compared to controls, and resveratrol treatment decreased adiposity. HF offspring had increased leptinemia as well as increased SOCS3 in the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus, which suggest central leptin resistance. Resveratrol treatment rescued leptinemia and increased p-STAT3 content in the hypothalamus with no changes in SOCS3, suggesting improvement in leptin signaling.

CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, our data suggest that resveratrol could reverse hyperleptinemia and improve central leptin action in adult offspring from HF mothers attenuating obesity.

 

SUMMARY

Resveratrol is an important polyphenol, antioxidant, and Nrf2 activator that helps to make Ultimate Protector such an outstanding nutritional supplement.

 

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